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Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

Plants arranged by Malayalam Name Scientific Name English Name Hindi Name Sanskrit Synonyms

Aamattali

Trema orientalis Blume. (Sponia orientalis Planch)

Charcoal-tree, Pigeon wood

 

Javanti

Aambal

Nymphaea nouchali Burn.f.

Indian water lily

Kanval, Kokka

Kumudam, Ulpalam

AAnakuruntotti

Sida rhombifolia Linn.

Wild mallow

Barela, Lalbarela

Atibala, Hastibala, Mahasamanga, Vadhyala

Aanathumba

Urtica parviflora Roxb

Phlomis

Gooma

Kanjee, Drona, Kutumbakam, Kumbhayoni, Mahadrona

Aanatottavadi

Mimosa invisa Linn

Big Sensitive plant

Lajvanti, Lajjavanti

Brihallajjalu, Vanasamanga

Aanattakara

Cassia alata Linn.

Ringworm shrub

Dadmurdan

Dadrughna, Dvipagasti

Aanjili

Artocarpus hirsutus Lam.

Wild jack

Vadahar

Lakucha, Likucha, Dahu, Adahu, Iravatam

Aasali

Lepidium sativum Linn.

Garden cress, Common cress

Chanasura, Halima

Chandrasoora, Chandrika, Vasapushpa, Pasumehanakarika

Aatunarivela

Cleome viscosa Linn.

Wild mustard, Cleome, Sticky cleome

Hulhul, Hurhur

Pasugandha

Aaveeram

Cassia auriculata Linn.

Tanner’s cassia

Tarvar, Tarval

Avartaki

Aavil

Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch

Indian elm, Kanju

Papri, Cilbil

Chirivilva, Pootikaranja

Adakkamaniyan

Sphaeranthus indicus Linn

East Indian globe thistle.

Mundi

Hapusha, Mundi, Sravani, Alambusha, kadambapushpi

Adalotakam

Adhatoda beddomei C.B.Clarke

Malabar nut

Adusa, Arusa

Vasa, Vasaka, Vrisha, Vrishaka, Simhasya, Vishnu, Vajidanta, Adaroosha

Adambuvalli

Ipomoea pes-caprae (Linn) R.Br.

Goat’s foot creeper

Dopatilata

Maryadavalli, Sagaramekhala

Adapatiyan

Holostemma ada-kodien Schultes

 

Chirvel

Jeevanti, Arkapushpi, Ksheerini, Payasvini

Agatti

Sesbania grandiflora (Linn.) Poir

Swamp pea

Agast, Hathya

Agastya, Munitaru, Vangasenaka

Akasatondi

Passiflora foetida (L.) M.Roem.

Wild Maracuja, Stinking Passion Flower

 

Lomaphala, Svaduphala.

Akasavellari

Passiflora leschenaultii DC.

 

 

Akasatrapusa

Akkikaruka

Anacyclus pyrethrum DC

Pellitory

Akarakara

Agragrahi, Akarakarabha

Alpam

Apama siliquosa

 

 

Kodassari, Alpam

Amara

Lablab purpureus Linn.

Lablab bean, Indian butter bean

Sem, Bhatvas

Nispava

Ambazham

Spondias pinnata (Linn.f.) Kurz

Hogplum

Jangli aam, Amra

Amrataka

Amukkuram

Withania somnifera (Linn.) Dunal.

Winter cherry

Asgandh, Punir

Asvagandha, Varahakarni,Vajigandha, Varahika, Varahakarni

Anachuvadi

Elephantopus scaber Linn

Prickly leaved elephant’s foot

Gobhi

Gojihva, Gobhi, Kharaparnini

analivegam

Alstonia venenata R. Br.

 

Vishagni

Vishagni, Anadana, Ankola

Ankolam

Alangium salvifolium Wang.

Sage-leaved alangium

Angol,Dhera

Ankolah, Kolakah, Rechi, Deerghakeelakah

Appopantadi

Chonemorpha fragrans (Moon) Alston;

Conemorpha

Garbedero

Vishani, Meshashringi, Ajavalli

Aranamaram

Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites.

Mast tree, Cemetery tree

Debadari, Asoka

Ulkata, Kastadaru

Arayal

Ficus religiosa Linn

Peepal tree, Sacred fig.

Peepal, Peepar

Avatha, Pippala, Kshiravriksha, Chalapatra, Bodhidruma

Aripoov

Lantana camara Linn.

Lantana weed

Chaturang, Khaneri

Chaturangi, Vanacchedi

Arogyapacha

Tricopus zeilanicus

Jeevani

Jeevani

Jeevani, Rishi bhojyam

Asokachetti

Ixora macrothyrsa Linn.

Garden Ixora

 

Asokaparanti

Asokam

Saraca asoka (Roxb.) de Wilde

Asoka tree

Asok

Asoka, Gatasoka

Athachakka

Annona squamosa Linn.

Custard apple, Sugar apple

Seetaphal

Seetaphalam, Sudha, Subha

Athipazham

Ficus carica Linn.

Fig.

Anjeer

Falgu, Anjeera, Manjula

Atiranjpoovu

Osbeckia wayanadensis C.B. Clarke

 

 

Jaleshani, Kharapatri, Svabhrapushpi

Atitippali

Scindapsus officinalis (Roxb.) Schott.

 

Gajapippal, Baripippli

Hastitippali, Gajapippali

Atti

Ficus racemosa Linn.

Country fig, Cluster fig

Umar, Gular

Udumbara, Krimiphala, Jantuphala, Sevya

Atukottappala

Aristolochia bracteolata Lam.

Birth wort, Worm killer

Kitamari

Keetamari, Dhoomrapatra, Nakuli

Avilpori

Ophiorrhiza mungos Linn.

Mongoose plant

Sarhati

Sarpakshi, Sarpari

Ayamodakam

Trachispermum roxburghianum (DC.) Craib

Bishop’s weed

Ajovan

Agnika, Ajamodakam, Deepyaka, Kharasva, Yavanika,

Ayyappana

Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl. (Eupatorium ayapana Vent)

Ayapana tea

Ayapan

Ayaparna, Ajaparna

Azantha

Pajanelia longifolia K.Schum. (Pajnelia rheedii Wt.)

Wild Trumpet tree

Bandsnapatha, Ban syona

Brihat dunduka, Brihat syonaka

Azhukanni

Cressa cretica Linn.

 

Rudravanti, Lana

Rudandi, Rudandika

Balladona

Atropa bella-donna Linn.

Deadly nightshade

Saga

Hritpatri

Balsam

Impatiens balsamina Linn.

Garden balsam

Balsam

Vatikadrona

Barley

Hordeum vulgare Linn.

Barley

Jav, Jau

Yava

Beetroot

Beta vulgaris Linn.

Beet root

Palak, Chukkndan

Palakya

Brahmi

Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Pennell

Brahmi

Brabmbhi

Brahmi, Trayamana, Seetakamini, Trayanthi, Bhekaparni

Cabbage

Brassica oleracea Linn. var. capitata Linn.

Cabbage

Bantgopi

Kembuka, Kemuka

Carrot

Daucus carota Linn.

Carrot

Gajar

Garjara

Chakkarakkolli

Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br.

Periploca of the woods

Gud-mar, Merasingi

Ajasringi, Meshasringi, Madhunasini.

Chamata

Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.

Flame of the forest

Palas, Dhak

Palasa, Kimsuka, Raktapushpa, Ksharasreshta

Champa

Syzygium jambos (Linn.) Alston

Rose apple

Gulab-jamun

Champeya

Chandanam

Santalum album Linn.

Sandal tree, White sandal tree

Safed chandan, Santal

Chandana, Srikhandam

Changalamparanda

Cissus Quadrangualaris Linn.

Edible stemmed vine, Bone setter

Hadjod, Hadjora

Asthisrinkhala, Vajravalli, Dharavalli, Chaturdhara, Vajralatha.

Channakkizhangu

Costus speciosus (Koenig ex Retz.) j.E.Smith.

 

Kebu, Kevu

Chanda, Kevuka, Pechuli, Dalasalini

Chappgnga

Caesalpinia sappan Linn.

Japan wood, Sappan wood, Brazil wood

Patamg, Bakam

Kuchandana, Lohita, Patanga, Ranjana, Patranga

Charmalanta

Acacia sinuata (Lour.) Merr.

Soapnut acacia

Satala, Kochi, Seekakai

Saptala, Charmasahva

Chaturakkali

Euphorbia antiquorum Linn.

Triangular spurge

Tridara

Snuhi, Vajrakandaka, Tridhara

Chaturamulla

Myxopyrum serratulum A.W.Hill.

 

Peelachameli

Hemamalati, Chaturdharalata

Cheleyam

Parmelia perlata (Huds.) Ach.

Stone flower, Litho lichen

Chadeela, Pathar ka phool

Saileyam, Silapushpa

Chempakam

Michelia champaca Linn.

Golden Champak, Champak

Champa

Champaka, Atigandha, Sukumara, Kanchana, Hemapushpa

Chemparatty

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn

 

Gudahal

Japa, Ondrapuspi, Ragapuspi

Chempu

Colocasia esculenta (Linn.) Schott.

Cocoyam, Taro

Kachalu, Khuyya

Alookam, Aloopam

Chena

Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) (A.companulatus (Decne.) Sivad

Elephant foot yam.

Suran, Jamikand

Kumudam, Ulpalam

Chengazhineerkizhangu

Kaempheria rotunda Linn.

Indian crocus

Bhuyichampa

Bhumichampaka, Bhuchampaka, Hallaka

Chenjalyam

Shorea robusta Gaertn.f.

Sal tree

Sal

Sala, Aasvakarna, Dhoopavriksha, Rala

Cherukara

Canthium parviflorum Lam

Carray cheddile

Kirma, Kadbar

Gangeruki, Chayatinisha

Cherukataladi

Cyathula prostrata Blume.

Small prickly chaff – flower plant

Lal Chirchira

Rakthapamarga, Mayoora, Sikhari, Markatapippali

Cherula

Aerva lanata (Linn.) Juss.ex Schultes

 

Chaya

Bhadra, Kurandaka, Gorakshaganja

Cherunarakam

Citrus limon (Linn.) Burm.f..

Lime tree, Lemon

Jamir nimbu, Nimbu

Nimbuka, Jambira, Jambaka

Cherupayar

Vigna radiata (Linn.) Wilczek

Green gram

Mumg, Pessara

Mugda, Simbisreshta, Varnaha, Rasotama

Cherupunna

Celastrus paniculatus Willd.

Black oil tree, Climbing staff plant

Malkangani, Malkunki

Jyotishmati, Tejovati, Bahuphala, Peetataila

Cheruthekku

Clerodendrum serratum (Linn.) Moon

 

Bharangi

Brahmanayashtika, Kharashakha, Padma, Kasajith, Barbura

Chettikkoduveli

Plumbago rosea Linn.

Leadwort, Red leadwort, Fire plant

Chitra, Chita

Chitraka, Agni, Dahana

Chiravanakkau

Tridax procumbens Linn.

Coat buttons

 

Ekapushpi, Vranaropani

Chiteental

Phoenix pusilla Gaertn

Wild date-palm

Palavat

Parooshaka

Chittamritu

Tinospora cordifolia (Wild.) Mires ex Hook.f. & Thoms

Gulancha tinospora, Tinospora

Giloy, Gulancha, Amrta

Guduchi, Amrita, Chinnaruha

Chittaratha

Alpinia calcarata Rox.

The greater galangal, Java galangal

Kulanjan

Rasna, Sugandhamoola, Kulanjana

Cholam

Zea mays Linn.

Indian maize, Maize, Corn

Makka, Barajovar

Makkaya, Mahakaya

Choondappana

Caryota urens Linn.

Elephant’s palm, Fish-tail palm

Mari, Mari ka jhat

Sreetala

Chooral

Calamus rotang Linn.

Rattan

Beth, Bemth

Vetra

Choot

Eriocaulon sp. Linn.

Broom herb

 

Choota, Chootatrina

Choriyanam

Tragia involucrata Linn.

Stinging nettle

Barhanta

Dusparsa, Duralabha, Yavasa, Ananta, Yavasa

Chuvanakanakambaram

Barleria prionitis Linn. (Red variety)

Red crossandra

Kanakambar

Vajradanti, Kurantaka, Koranta

Chuvanna amalpori

Rauvolfia serpentina (Linn.) Benth. ex Kurz.

Indian snake root. Serpentine root.

Chandrabhaga, Chota chand

Sarpagandha, Chandrika, Nakuli, Sarpadani, Kukkudi, Raktatrika

Chuvanna arali

Nerium indicum Mill. (N. oleander Linn)

Indian oleander, Red oleander

Kaner, Karber

Karaveera, Raktakaraveera, Asvaghna, Asvamaraka, Hayamaraka

Chuvanna Avanakku

Ricinus communis Linn. (Red variety)

Red Castor

Erandi, Erand

Rakterandah, Panchangula, Vatari, Deerghadanda, Gandharvahasta, Tharuna, Vardhamana, Rubkam

Chuvanna Mandram

Bauhinia variegata Linn. (Bauhinia purpuria Linn.)

Red bauhinia

Kanchanar

Raktakanchanara, Kovidara

Chuvanna Nalumanichedi

Mirabilis jalapa Linn. (Red Variety)

Four O’ Clock plant, Marvel of Peru

Lal Gulabas

Krishnakeli, Sandhyakuli

Chuvanna Niruri

Breynia rhamnoides Muell.

Indian snow berry

Kamuni, Surasaruni

Aruni

Chuvanna Puliyarila

Oxalis violacea Linn.

Indian red sorrel, Wood sorrel.

Tinapatiya, Amrulsak

Raktachangeri, Amlapatri

Communist Pacha

Chromolaena odorata King & Robinson.

Eupatorium

 

Ropani, Seekhrasarpi

Couliflower

Brassica cauliflora (DC.), (B. caulocarpa.)

Cauliflower

Phoolgobhi

Svetakembuka, Svetakemuka

Dandappala

Wrightia tinctoria Linn

Ivory wood, Pala indigo plant.

Kanval, Kokka

Svetakutaja, Hayamaraka

Darbha

Desmostachya bipinnata (Linn.) Stapf.

Sacrificial grass

Dab, Davoli

Darpha, Kusha

Dasamoola

 

 

 

 

Devadaru

Cedrus deodara (Roxb.ex.D.Don) G.Don

Deodar, Himalayan cedar

Dvedar, Deodar

Devadaru, Suradaru, Bhadradaru, Paribhadra, Amarakashta, Snehavriksha

Entinpana

Cycas circinalis Linn

Cycas

Jangli madan mast ka phool

Hintala

EEthappana

Phoenix dactylifera Linn.

Date palm

Khajur

Kharjura, Svaduphala

Eeti

Dalbergia latifolia Roxb. (D. emerginata Roxb, D. sissoides Grah.)

Rose wood, Indian rose wood, Black wood

Sitsal

Simsipa, Sinsipa, Krishnasara, Gurusara, Krishnasimsapa

Eezhachempakam

Plumeria rubra Linn. (White variety)

Pogodo tree, Plumeria

Chameli, Gopurachampa, Golenchi

Ksheerachampaka, Svetachampaka

Ekanayakam

Salacia reticulata Wight.

 

 

Vairi, Peetika

Elam

Elettaria cardamomum Maton.

Cardamom

Elaichi

Ela, Truti, Puta, Sookshma, Dravidi, Upakunjika, Kayastha.

Elanji

Mimusops elengi Linn.

Bullet-wood tree

Bakul, Maulsiri

Bakula, Gandhapushpa

Ellu

Sesamum indicum Linn.

Sesame, Gingili

Til

Tilah, Snehaphala, Paravata

Erumakkali

Argemone mexicana Linn.

Mexican poppy, Prickly poppy

Pharangi dattura, Bhatbhamt

Haimavathi, Brahmadanthi, Patuparnee, Peethadugdha

Erumanak

Ficus hispida Linn.f.

Creeping fig.

Gobla

Malayu, Kakodumbarika

Ezhilam Pala

Alstonia scholaris (Linn.) R.Br.

Devil tree

Chattiyan, Saitan ka jat

Saptaparna, Sapthachada, Visalatvak, Chatraparna, Suktiparna, Sarada

Ganapatinarakam

Citrus medica Linn.

Citron

Baranimbu, Bijaira

Matulunga

Gandharajan

Gardenia gummifera Linn.f. (G. lucida Roxb)

White emetic nut

Dekamari

Nadeehingu, Hingunadika, Jantuka, Gandharaja

Garudapacha

Selaginella rupestris Spring.

Resurrection plant

Garudi

Amritachada, Garudi, Sarpadani

Gramboo

Syzygium aromaticum (Linn.) Merrill & Perry

Clove tree

Launga, laumg

Lavanga, Devapushpa, Bringa, Sreeprasunaka

Gulgulu

Commiphora mukul (Hook.ex.Stocks) Engl.

Indian bdellium tree

Gugal, Guggul

Guggulu, Mahishaksha, Palankasha, Devadhupa

Idampiri Valampiri

Helicterus isora Linn.

East Indian screw tree

Marorphali

Avartani, Murva, Mrigasringi, Marodhaphali

Idnjil

Commiphora caudata Wight & Arn Engl.

Hill mango

 

Ikkata, Ikkada

Ilamulachi

Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pres.

 

Jakh me hayat

Astibhaksha, Parnabeeja

Ilanta

Ziziphus mauritiana (jujuba) Lam.

Indian jujube, Chinese date.

Ber, Beri

Badara, Kola, Koli

Ilavu

Bombax ceiba Linn (Salmalia malabarica (D.C.) Schott & Endlicher.)

Red silk cotton tree

Semul, Semar

Salmali, Mocha, Picchila, Raktapushpa, Stirayu, Poorani, Kandaka

Ilimbi

Averrhoa bilimbi Linn.

Bilimbi, Cucumber tree

Belumbu

Karmaraka, Karamaranga, Siralam, Krama, Amlee, Karukha

Illi

Bambusa arundinacea (Retz) Willd.

Bamboo

Banz

Vamsa, Venu, Rujasaha, Vamsalekhana

Inchi

Zingiber officinale Rosc.

Ginger

Adarak

Ardraka, Shundi, Shrngavera, Mahoushadhi

Irattimadhuram

Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn.

Liquorices, Licorice

Mulhati, Jetimad

Yashti, Yashtimadhu, Madhuka, Kleetaka, Madhusrava, Atirasa

Irumbanpuli

Averrhoa carambola Linn.

Carambola apple, Karazola, Coromandal gooseberry.

Kamarang

Karmaranga, Karuka

Irupool

Xylia dolabriformis Benth. (Mimosa xylocarpa Roxb.)

Iron wood

Seesam, Seeso

Kusimsipa, Kapila, Krishnasara, Bhasmagrabha, Avasadini

Ittakkanni

Loranthus falcatus (Linn.f) Etting. (Dendrophthoe falcate Linn.f.)

Mistletoe

Banda

Vrikshadani, Vrkshadani

Jatamanji

Nardostachys jatamamsi DC. ( N. grandiflora DC).

Indian night shade

Barhata, Jatamamsi

Jatamamsi, Mamsi, Bhootajata, Jatila, Tapasvani, Missi, Sulochana

Jatikkai

Miristica fragrans Houtt.

Nutmeg tree, Mace tree

Jay ka pat, Jayphal

Jati, Jateephala, Malatiphala

Jeerakam

Cuminum cyminum Linn

Headache tree

Jira, Saphed Jira, Shoufa, Dhaniya

Jeeraka, Gaurajeeraka

Jeevakam

Malaxis acuminata D.Don

Jeevak

Jivak

Jeevakam, Jeevaka

Kachil

Dioscorea alata Linn.

Greater yam, Asiatic yam

Khamalu, Chupri alu.

Alukam.

Kacholam

Kaempferia galanga Linn.

 

Chandramoola

Gandhamoolaka, Sathi, Dravidaka, Chanda

Kadamb

Neolamarckia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser.

Kadam

Kadamb

Kadamba, Kutsitanga

Kadaplav

Artocarpus communis Forst.

Bread fruit

Bilatti kat hal

Kshudrapanasa

Kadukka

Terminalia chebula Retz

Chebulic myrobalan

Hara, Harara, Harad

Pathya, Abhaya, Rohinee, Chetaki, Haritaki

Kaipanarachi

Melia orientalis Linn. (Cipadessa baccifera Miq.)

 

Nal-bila, Rana-bili

Vanamalini, Kshudranimba

Kaitachakka

Ananas comosus (Linn.) Merrill (A. sativus Schultes f.)

Pineapple

Ananas

Anamnasa, Bahunetraphala

Kallarayal

Ficus arnottiana (Miq.) Miq.

 

Paras peepal

Kapeetana, Parisa, Parisha

Kalli

Euphorbia ligularia Roxb.

Leafy Spurge, Milk hedge

Sehunda, Dhusar

Snuhi, Samandadudga, Sehunda

Kallichedi

Opuntia dillenii Haw. (Cactus indicus Roxb.)

Prickly-pear cactus

Nagphana

Vidhara, Vishwa, Saraka

Kalloorvanchi

Rotula aquatica Lour.

Pashanabhed

Kanval, Kokka

Pashanabhedah, Asmabheda, Mootrala,

Kallurukki

Scoparia dulcis Linn.

 

 

Pashanabheda, Asmaghni

Kalluvazha

Ensete superba (Roxb) Cheesman. (Musa superba Roxb.)

Wild plantain, Indian bead

Sabbajaya

Devakeli, Kamakshi, Krishna-tamara

Kalyana Saughandhikam

Hedychium coronarium Koening ex. Retz

Common ginger lilly. Garland flower

Kanval, Kokka

Kalyana saughandhikam

Kambilinaranga

Citrus grandis Osteck

Forbidden fruit, Paradise apple, Pomelo, Pume

Batavi-nebu

Madhukakkati, Madhuramlaphala, Brihat naranga

Kampippala

Mallotus philippensis (Lam) Muell. Arg.

Kamala tree

Sindur, Kamala

Rechanaka, Kampillaka

Kanakambaram

Barleria prionitis Linn. (Yellow variety)

Crossandra

Kanakambar

Vajradanti, Kurantaka, Koranta

Kandakarichunda

Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & Wendl. (S.surattense Burm.f.)

Yellow berried nightshade

Remgani, Kateli, Kattaya

Kandakari, Nidigdhika

Kandal

Rhizophora mangle

Mangrove

Bina

Agnimukha, Agnisikha

Kanjavu

Cannabis sativa Linn

Indian hemp

Bhang, Ganja, Charas

Bhanga, Ganjika, Vijaya, Harshini, Matulani, Indrasana

Kanjiram

Strychnos nux-vomica Linn

Poison Nut Tree, Snake-wood, Quaker button

Kuchala

Karaskaram, Vishatindukam, Vishadruma, Kalakutaka, Garadruma

Kannanthali

Exacum bicolor Roxb

 

 

Akshipushpi

Kantaricheeni

Capsicum frutescens Linn

Bird’s eye chilly

Jhal

Katuveera, Teekshna, Ujjuala, Teevrasakti

Kappi

Coffea Arabica Linn.

Coffee tree. Arabian coffee

Caphi, Pilu

Rajapeelu

Karalayam

Aristolochia indica Linn

Indian birthwort

Isvarmul

Garalika, Eesvari, Garudi

Karicheera

Portulaca oleracea Linn

Common purslane

Badi noni, Bara laniya

Lonika, Brihat loni, Khotika

Karimbolam

Trapa natans Linn. Var.bispinosa (Roxb.) Makino

Water chestnut, Singhara nut

Singhara, Simkhata

Shringataka

Karimbu

Saccharum officinarum Linn

Sugarcane

Pundiya, Ganna

Pundarika, Ikshu

Karimkurunji

Strobilanthes heynianus Nees (Strobilanthes ciliatus Nees)

Strobilanthus

Karvi

Sahachara, Sairayea, Daasi.

Karingali

Acacia catechu (Linn.f) Wild

Dark catechu, Cutch tree

Khair

Khadira, Kushtari, Rakthasaram

Karingota

Samadera indica Gaertn.

Niepa bark tree

Lokhanadi

Gucchakaranja

Karivelam

Acacia nilotica (Linn.) Willd.ex.Del

Babul, Indian Gum Arabic tree

Babul

Barbara, Vavari

Kariveppu

Murraya koenigii (Linn) Spreng.

Curry leaf tree

Kariaipak, Mithanim, Katnim

Surabhinimba, Kaidarya, Kalasaka, Krishnanimba

Karkokil

Psoralea corylifolia Linn.

Babchi, psoralea seed

Bavchi, Bakchi

Bakuchi, Vakuchi, Avalgujabeeja, Somaraji, Poothifalee, kushtaghni

Karpoora tulasi

Ocimum kiliandscharicum Guerke

Camphor basil

Karpur tulsi

Karpooratulasi, Maruvaka, Marutham

Karpooram

Cinnamomum camphora (Linn.) Presl

Camphor

Karpur

Karpoora

Karukapullu

Cynodon dactylon (Linn.) Pers.

Dhub grass, Bhama grass

Dub, Durba

Neeladurva, Durva.

Karunocci

Vitex negundo Linn

Five leaved chaste tree

Samhalu, Saubhalu,Nirgandi

Nirgundi, sindhuvara, Neelamanjari,Indranika, Indrasurasa, Bhoothakeshi, Neelika

Karuppu

Papaver somniferum Linn

Opium poppy

Kaskas, Aphim

Ahiphena, Khasatila, Subhrapushpa, Aphena

Karuva

Cinnamomum verum Presl. (C. Zeylanicum B.l)

Cinnamon

Dalchini, Daruchini

Tvak, Twak, Cocham, Darusita, Tamala

Kashumav

Anacardium occidentale Linn

Cashew nut tree.

Kaju, Duk

Venamra, Vrikkaphala, Vrikkabeeja

Kasitumba

Impatiens chinensis Linn..

Wild balsam

Ban gulmendi

Kshudradrona

Kastoorimanjal

Curcuma aromatica Salisb.

Wild turmeric, Cochin turmeric, Yellow zedoary

Jungali haldi, Ban haldi

Aranyaharidra, Vanaharidra, Kastooriharidra

Kasturivenda

Hibiscus abelmoschus Linn. (Abelmoschus moschatus Medikus)

Musk mallow, Ambrette seed plant

Latakasturi, Muskadana

Latakasturi, Gandhapoora

Katalavanakku

Jatropha curcas Linn.

Purging nut

Jungli erand, Pahari erand

Dravanti

Kattamalpori

Rauvolfia canescens Linn.

Black snake root.

Kala Chandrabhaga

Brihat sarpagandha, Vanasarpagandha, Krishnasarpagandha

Kattamrit

Tinospora malabarica Mires

Wild tinospora

Bangiloy

Vanaguduchi, Vanaamrita

Kattappa

Ageratum conyzoides Linn.

Goat weed.

Visadodi

Vishamushti

Kattarvazha

Aloe vera (Linn.) Burm. (Aloe barbadensis Mill)

Aloe, Indian aloe

Gheekaumar, Ghikumari

Kumari, Grithakumari, Grihakanya

Kattellu

Sesamum orientale Linn.

Wild sesame

Ban til

Vanatila, Aranyatila, Snehaphala

Kattu pavu

Smilax zeylanica Linn

Indian smilax

Jangali aushbah

Vana madhusnuhi, Anana madhusnuhi.

Kattuchena

Amorphophallus dubius BI (A.sylvaticus Kunth)

Wild yam.

Vansooran, Bansooran

Vanasoorana, Vajrakanta, Kanana kanda

Kattucher

Holigarna arnottiana Hook.

Black varnish tree of Malabar

Holgery

Vanabhallataka

Kattugotambu

Coix lacryma-jobi Linn

Job’s tears

Gurlu, Samkru

Gavedhuka

Kattujeerakam

Vernonia anthelmintica Willd.

Purple fleebane.

Kaleejeera, Bakshi

Aranyajeeraka, Brihatpali

Kattukarayamboo

Ludwigia octovalis (Jacq.) Raven

Primrose willow

Banlunga

Bhoolvananga

Kattukurumulaku

Piper brachystachyum Wall.

Wild pepper

Chab

Chavya, Chavika, Vanamaricha, Aranyamaricha

Kattulli

Crinum latifolium Linn.

Wild onion

 

Chakrangi, Dodhyani, Maduparnika, Somavalli

Kattumulla

Jasminum angustifolium (Linn.) Willd.

Wild jasmine

Banmallika

Vanamallika, Asphota

Kattunjaval

Syzygium caryophyllatum (Linn.) Alston.

Wild black plum

Jangli jamun, Jangli jaman

Kshdurajambu

Kattunjerinjil

Pedalium murex Linn.

 

Bada gokhru

Tiktagokshura, Stoolagokshura

Kattupeechil

Luffa cylindrica (Linn.) M. Roem.(L. acgypliaca Mill.)

Sponge gourd. Vegetable sponge, Wash sponge

Khiya tori

Koshataki, Mahakoshataki, Tiktakosataki

Kattutulasi

Ocimum americanum Linn.

Hoary basil

Vantulsi

Vana tulasi, Aranya tulasi, Vanabarbarika.

Kattuzhunnu

Vigna radiata (Linn.) Wilczek

Wild black gram

Banoord

Mashaparni, Vanamasha

Katuku

Brassica nigra Linn.

Mustard

Rayi

Srashapa, Rajita, Aasuri

Kavungu

Areca catechu Linn

Arecanut tree, Betelnut tree

Supari

Kramuka, Pooga, Pumgiphala, Guvaka, Khoranda, Udvegam

Kaypan Patolam

Trichosanthes lobata Roxb.

Bitter snake gourd, Wild snake gourd

Jangali cicinda

Patola, Vanapatola, Tiktapatola

Kayyoni

Eclipta prostrata (Linn) Linn

Trailing eclipta

Bangrah, Moprant

Keshabringa, Bringaraja, Bringa, Angaraka, Kesaranjana

Kazhanji

Caesalpinia bonduc (Linn.) Roxb

Fever nut

Kandkeraj, Kantikaranja

Latakaranja, Kuberakshi, Kandakikaranja, Karsha

Kazhimuthanga

Cyperus esculentus Linn

Chufa, Tiger nut

Kazhimuthanga, Kuzhimuthanga

Bhadramusta, Nagaramustaka

Keezharnelli

Phyllanthus amarus Schum. & Thonn

Indian water lily

Jangli amli, Jaramla

Tamalaki, Bhoomyamalaki, Bhoodhatri, Bahupatra.

Kilukiluppa

Crotalaria retusa Linn.

Crotalaria

Khunkhuniyan

Sanapushpi, Sanaghantika, Kinihi

Kiriyath

Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Wall. ex Nees

Chiretta plant

Kiryat

Kiratatikta, Kandatikta, Bhoonimba, Tiktaka

Kodappunna

Dillenia pentagyna Roxb

 

 

Brihatpunnaga, Svapunnaga

Koduveli

Plumbago zeylanica Linn.

Leadwort, White leadwort, Fire plant

Chitra, Chita

Chitraka, Agni, Dahana

Kokko

Theobroma cacao Linn

Cacao, Cocoa, Chocolate tree.

Kokkokava

Kokovriksha, Rasalaphala, Madhuragoliki

Konna

Cassia fistula Linn.

Indian laburnum, Purging fistula

Amaltas, Girimala

Aragvadha, Kritamala, Rajavriksha, Chaturangulam, Deerkhaphala

Kooramullu

Spinifex littorcus Merr. (S. squarrosus Linn)

 

 

Vishakandaki, Mooshikakandaki

Koova

Maranta arundinaceae Linn.

Arrowroot, West Indian arrowroot.

Tikhor

Tuvaksheeri, Tugaksheeri

Koovalam

Aegle marmelos Linn. Corr.

Bael tree, Holy Fruit tree

Kanval, Kokka

Vilva, Maloorah, Sreephala, Sadaphala, Sailoosha.

Koval

Leucas aspera (Willd) Link

Ivy gourd

Bimb, Kanturi

Dronapushpi, Chitrapatrika, Phalepushpa, Karabhapriya, Drona

Kozhinjil

Tephrosia purpurea (Linn.) Pers.

Purple tephrosia, Wild indigo

Saraphonka

Sarapunkha, Bana, Banapunkha, Pleehasatru

Krishnakireetam

Clerodendrum paniculatum Linn

Red pagoda plant

 

Krishnakireeta

Krishnatulasi

Ocimum sanctum Linn (Black variety)

Holy basil, Sacred basil, Black basil

Krishnatulsi

Tulasi, Surasa, Svetatulasi

kudalchurukki

Borreria articularis (Linn.f.) F.N.Will.

Shaggy button plant

Vasuka

Vasuka, Madanghanta, Pasupata

Kudampuli

Garcinia gummi-gutta (Linn.) Robs

Indian garcinia

Bilatti amli

Vrikshamla

Kudappana

Corypha umbraculifera Linn

Fan palm, Large palmyra, Tali-pot

Bhajarbettu

Katakali, Tali, Sreetala, Visalapatra, Ekapatraphala, Karalika

Kulamavu

Persea macrantha (Nees) Kosterm

Machils, Persea

 

Picchilataru, Kshudramra

Kumbalam

Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn.

Ash gourd

Pedha, Raksa

Kusmanda, Sreshtaphala

Kumbil

Gmelina arboria Roxb.

Coomb tree, Cashmeri tree.

Gambhara, Gamari

Kashmarya, Madhuparni, Kumbhika, Gambhari

Kumkumapoov

Plumeria rubra Linn. (Red variety)

Pogodo tree (red variety), Plumeria

Chameli, Gopurachampa, Golenchi

Ksheerachampaka

Kunni

Crocus sativus Linn

Saffron

Kesar

Kunkuma

Kuppamanjal

Bixa orellana Linn.

Annatto plant, Arnotta plant

Sinduriya, Latkan

Sinduri, Markataharidra, Kampillaka

Kuppameni

Acalypha indica Linn

Indian acalypha

Kuppikhokli

Haritamanjari

Kurassani

Hyoscyamus niger Linn.

Henbane, Black henbane.

Khurasani ajavayan

Parasikayavani

Kurukkuttimulla

Jasminum multiflorum (Brum.f.) Andr.

Downy jasmine

Kundphul

Kundah

Kurumtotti

Sida retusa (Linn.) Borssum

Common sida

Bariyar, Janglimedhi

Bala, Vadyala, Kharayashti, Mahasamanga

Kurumulaku

Piper nigrum Linn

Black pepper, Common pepper, Pepper

Kalimirch

Maricha, Krishna, Dharmapathanam, Ooshanam

Kuruttupala

Tabernaemontana dichotona Roxb.

 

 

Kambillaka, Ksheerini

Kusha

Saccharum spontaneum Linn.

Wild sugarcane

Kus

Kasha

Kutakappala

Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roxb. ex Fleming) Wall.
Holarrhena pubescens (Buch. Ham.) Wallrch ex. Don

Kurchi

Kurchi, Kuda

Kutaja, Kalinga, Indrayava

Madhuracheera Velichera

Sauropus sanguinaea Linn

Tropical asparagus, Chekkurmanis

 

Svadutandula

Mahameda

Polygonatum verticillatum (Linn.) All

Mahameda

Mahameda

Mahameda

Mailanji

Lawsonia inermis Linn.

Henna, Egyptian priven, Cypress shrub

Mehanti, Hena

Madayantika, Mendhi, Mendhika, Nakharanjani

Makkippoov

Artemisia maritima Linn

Worm seed, Worm wood, Fleabane

Nagadona, Davana, Kiramani

Chauhara, Keetamari, Damanaka, Madanaka, Yavani

Malainchi

Zingiber zerumbet Rosc. (Z. cassumunar Roxb.)

Jungle ginger

Banada, Narkachur

Vanardraka, Stulagrandhi

Malankara

Catunaregum spinosa (Thunb.) Tirvengadum.

Emetic nut tree

Mainphal, Madan

Madana, Vamanaphala, Teevragandhi.

malatangi

Cissampelos pereira Linn. (C.accuminata Benth)

Velvet leaf

Padha

Lakhupadha, Peeluphala, Ambashtaki, Brihat tikta

Malaveppu

Melia azedarach Linn

Persian lilac

Bakayan, Mahanimb

Agnimandha, Arani, Ganikarika, Vaijayanta

Malli

Coriandrum sativum Linn

Coriander

Dhaniyam

Dhanyaka, Dhanaka, Chatra, Kustumburu, Vitunnaka

Manithakkali

Solanum nigrum Linn.

 

 

Kakamachi

Manja Arali

Taivetia neerifolia Juss

Indian oleander, Yellow oleander

Kaner, Karber

Karaveera, Peetakaraveera, Asvaghna, Asvamaraka, Hayamaraka

Manjadi

Adenanthera pavonina Linn.

Coralwood tree

Baragunchi

Kuchandana, Tamraka

Manjal

Curcuma longa Linn.

Turmeric

Haldi, Halda

Haridra, Varavarnini

Manjatti

Rubia cordifolia Lin

Indian Madde

Majith

Manjishta, Vikasha, Samanga, Raktangi, Vastrabhushana, Yojanavalli

Maramanjal

Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Colebr.

Tree turmeric

Tree turmeric

Darvi, Daruharidra, Peetadaru, Peetadru

Maraummam

Datura arborea Linn. (D. suaveolens Humb & Bonpl)

Datura tree, Angel’s trumpet.

Dattura

Brihatdattura, Vrikshadattura

Maravazha

Vanda roxburghii R. Br. (Rincostylus retusa.)

Rinco orchid

Rasnanai

Vrikshakadali, Vrikshadani, Gandhanakuli, Vandaka, Rasna.

Marikunni

Argyreia nervosa (Burm.f.) Boj.

Elephant creeper

Samudrasos

Vraddhadaruka, Vrddhadaruka, Bastantri, Vrshyagandha

Marotti

Hydnocarups laurifolia (Dennst.) Sleumer.

Chalmugra, Jangli badam

Chalmogara

Tuvaraka, Kushtavairi

Mashitandu Chedi

Peperomia pellucida Linn

Slate pencil plant

 

Toyakandha, Varshabhoo

Mathalam

Punica granatum Linn

Pomegranate

Anar, Dhalim

Dadima, Kharakam, Madhuramlaphalam, Kuchaphalam, Dandabeejam.

Mathan

Cucurbita maxima Duchesne ex Lam.

Pumpkin, Melon, Squash

Lalkumra, Kaddu

Peetakushmanda

Matilpanna

Drynaria quercifolia (Linn.) J. Smith

Wood fern

Asvakatri, Katikapan

Aswakatri

Mavu

Mangifera indica Linn.

Mango

Aam

Amra, Choota, Rasala, Pikavallabha, Makanda

Mayilellu

Vitex altissima Linn.f. (V.alata Heyne)

Tall chaste tree

Tilakapushpa

Atulam, Tilakam

Meda

Polygonatum cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle.

Meda

Meda

Meda

Menthoni

Gloriossa superba Linn.

Climbing lily, Malabar glory lily

Kalihari, Kaliyari, Languli

Langali, Sakrapuspika, Agnishikha

Moodilathali

Cuscuta reflexa Roxb (Cassytha filiformis Linn.)

Dodder

Amarabela

Akasavalli, Amaravalli, Khavalli, Asparsa

Moovila

Pseudarthria viscida W&A

 

Pidhavan, Deerkhamoola, Ekamoola

Prsniparni, Chitraparni, Guha, Kandabahula

Motirakkanni

Hugonia mystax Linn.

Climbing flax

 

Kamsamara

Mukkannaperuku

Allophylus serratus (Roxb.) Kurz

 

Tippani

Triputa

Mukkpeeram

Mukia maderaspatana (Linn.) Roem

 

Bilari, Agumaki

Trikosaki, Kritarandra,

Mukkutti

Biophytum sensitivum Linn

Biophytum

Lajjalu, Lakshmana

Viparita lajjalu, Jhulapushpa, Peethapushpa

Mulakutanni

Toddalia asiatica (Linn.) Lam

Wild orange tree, Forest pepper

Jangli kalimarich, Kanch

Teekshnaksha, Kanchana

Mulla

Jasminum sambac (Linn.) Ait

Jasmine, Arabian jasmine

Bel, Moghra

Mallika

Mullilam

Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb) DC.

Indian prickly ash-tree

Badrang

Lakhuvalkala, Bidalaghni, Asvaghra

Mulluvenga

Bridelia retusa Spreng. (B.squamosa (Lamk) Grah)

 

Kaja, Kassi

Bahukandaki, Asana, Kandakasana

Munja

Premna serratifolia Linn

Headache tree

Arani, Ganiyari

Agnimandha, Arani, Ganikarika, Vaijayanta

Munjapullu

Saccharum arundinaceum Retz.

Devil sugarcane, Reedy sugarcane.

Ramsar

Charuka, Shara, Munja, Ekshuraka

Muntiri

Vitis vinifera Linn

Grape wine, Wine grape.

Dakh, Drak

Draksha, Mrudvika, Gosthana, Svaduphala, Amritaphala, Karavi

Murikku

Erythrina variegate Linn

Indian coral tree

Dadap, Pharhad, Pamkara

Paribhadra

Murikootti

Hemigraphis colorata Blume

 

 

Vranaropani

Muringa

Moringa oleifera Lam

Drumstick tree

Senchan, Sahijan, Mungana

Sigru, Sobhanjana, Akshiva, Mochaka, Teekshnaganda

Muthanga

Cyperus rotundus Linn

Nut grass, Coco grass

Nagarmotha, Motha

Musta, Varida, Mustaka, Khana, Kuruvinda

Muthil

Centella asiatica Linn

Indian pennywort

Brahmamandooki, Bemgsag

Mandookaparni, Manduki.

Muttappayal

Eichhornia crassipes (Mart) Solms-Laub

Water hyacinth

 

Plavaka, Ulpala, Plavakolpala

Muyalchevi

Emilia sonchifolia (Linn.) DC

 

Kirankari, Hirankhuri

Sasasruti, Akhukarni, Dravanti, Sambari

Nagadandi

Baliospermum montanum (Wild.) Muell-Arg.

 

Dandi

Dandi

Nagapoov

Mesua ferrea auct.non Linn. (M. nagassarium (Burm.f.) Kosterm

Iron wood tree

Peela nagkesar

Nagakesara, Nagapushpa, Kanakahva, Hemakinjalka

Nagatali

Ruta chalepensis Linn. (Ruta graveolens Linn)

Common rue, Garden rue

Satap, Pisamaram

Gucchapatra, Peetapushpa, Vishapaha.

Naikuruna

Mucuna pruriens (Linn.) DC.

Common cowitch, Cowhage

Gonacha, Kaunch

Atmagupta, Kapikacchu, Ajada, Markati, Kulakshaya

Nalikeara

Cocos nucifera Linn.

Coconut tree

Nariyal ka pet, Nariyal

Narekela, Sadaphala, Trinadruma, Dridhaphala

Nandyarvattam

Tabernaemontana divaricata (Linn.) R.Br. ex Roem & Schultes

East Indian rosebay

Chameli, Chandini, Tagar

Nandeevriksha, Khsirika, Ksheeri, Vishnupriya

Nannari

Hemidesmus indicus (Linn.) R.Br.

Indian sarasaparilla, Country sarasaparilla

Ananthamul, Magrabu

Sariba, Anantamoola

Narumpanal

Uvaria narum (Dunal) Well. ex Wight.

 

 

Neelavalli, Valeeshakhota

Nattachedi

Premna lattifolia Linn.

Headache tree

Arani, Ganiyari

Agnimandha, Arani, Ganikarika, Vaijayanta

Nattubadam

Terminalia catappa Linn.

Indian almond, Country almond tree

Jangli badam

Kshudrabeeja, Tapasadruma, Kshudrabadama

Neela Erukku

Calotropis gigantea (Linn.) R.Br. (Blue variety)

Blue Madar

Akavana, Aka, Mandara

Arka, Sooryahvaya,Vasuka, Ksheeraparni, Alarka, Asphoda,

Neela Samkupushpam

Clitoria ternatea Linn (Blue variety)

Blue Clitoria flower

Aparajit

Sankapushpam, Aparajita, Girikarnika.

Neelakkoduveli

Plumbago capencis Linn.

Leadwort, Blue leadwort

Neelchitra, Chita

Chitraka, Agni, Dahana

Neelolpalam

Monochoria vaginalis Presl.

 

Neelolpal

Indeevara, Neelolpala

Neeraral

Marsilea quadrifolia Linn.

 

Caupatiya, Sunsuniya

Sunishanna, Chatuspatri

Neerkadambu

Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth. (Stephegyne parvifolia Roxb.)

Kaim

Kayim, Kaddam

Vitana

Neermaruthu

Terminalia arjuna (Roxb) W&A

Arjun terminalia, White murda

Arjuna, Kahu

Arjuna, Kukubha, Partha, Viravriksha, Nadisarja,

Neermathalam

Crataeva magna (Lour.) DC.

Three-leaved caper

Barun,Barna

Varuna, Pasugandha, Asmarighna, Tikta

Neervalam

Croton tiglium Linn. .

Purging croton

Jamalgota

Jayapala, Dandibeeja

Nelli

Phyllanthus emblica Linn.

Indian gooseberry, Gooseberry

Amalak, Amla

Amalaki, Dhatri, Vayastha, Amritaphala

Nellu

Oryza sativa Linn.

Paddy, Rice

Dhan, Chaval

Dhanya, Vreehi, Sali

Nenmeni Vaka

Albizia lebbeck (Linn.) Benth

Sizzling tree

Siris

Sireesha, Bhandi, Fanjhi, Sukataru, Mrdupushpa

Neyyunni

Diplocyclos palmatus (Linn.) Jeffrey

 

Sivalingi, Isvarlingi

Lingini, Lingaphala, Sivapriya

Nilamari

Crataeva magna (Lour.) DC.

Three-leaved caper

Barun,Barna

Varuna, Pasugandha, Asmarighna, Tikta

Nilamparanda

Desmodium trifolium (Linn.) DC

 

Kudaliya

Tripadi

Nilanarakam

Nergamia alata (Wight & Arn)

Goanese ipecacuanha

Tinparni

Triparni, Amlavally

Nilappala

Euphorbia thymifolia Linn.

 

Duddhi, Dudhiya, Choti dudhi

Lakhu dugdhi, Dugdhika, Raktabinducchada.

Nilappana

Curculigo orchioides Gaertn.

Black musali

Musali, Kali musali

Musali, Talamooli, Talamoolika, Hamsapadi, Deerkhakandika

Niroori

Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir.

 

Pancholi, Makhi

Poolika, Krishnakamboji

Nithyakalyani

Catharanthus roseus (Linn.) G.Don

Periwinkle

Sdabahar

Nityakalyani.

Njaranmpuli

Hibiscus aculeatus Roxb.

Wild hibiscus

Van gudahal

Sathambasthi

Njaval

Syzygium cumini (Linn.) Skeels

Black plum

Jamun, Jaman

Jambu

Njazhal poo

Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl.

 

Priyangu, Daiya

Priyangu, Phalini

Njazhuku

Leea indica (Burm.f.) Merr.

 

Kukurajihva

Chatri, Kukkurajihva

Njerinjambuli

Solena amplexicaulis (Lam.) Gandhi

 

Tarali

Amlavetasa, Valyamla

Njerinjil

Tribulus terrestris Linn.

Puncture vine, Ghokru

Gokharu

Gokshura, Gokshuraka, Gokandaka, Shadanga, Gokhuri, Vanashringata

Njottanjodiyan

Physalis minima Linn.

Country gooseberry

Chirpoti, Bandpariya

Mrdukunjika, Upakunjika, Cheerapotha

nonganam pullu

Hedyotis herbacea Linn.

 

Paper bhed

Chayaparpatika, Kshudraparpata

Oda

Ochlandra scriptoria Denst. (Bambusa scriptoria Denst.)

Reed

 

Nadam, Natham

Odiyavanakku

Sebastiana chamaelia Muell.

 

 

Kshudreranda, Bhumiyeranda

Oorpam

Urena lobata Linn.

Aramina

Lotloti, Kunjia

Sakhee, Kandakeephala

Orange

Citrus reticulata Blanco.

Orange, Loose skinned orange

Santara

Narangah, Svadunarangah, Madhuranarangah

Orila

Desmodium gangeticum DC

 

Sarivan

Salaparni, Guha, Sthira

Orilathamara

Nervilia aragoana Gaud.

 

Sthalapadma

Padmacharini

Othalam

Cerbera odollam Gaertn

Pilikirbir, Odollam tree, Dog-bane

Dabur, Sukanu

Svanamara, Auddalaka

Pachotti

Symplocos cochinchinensis (Lour.) Moore. Symplocos laurina (Retz.)

Lodh tree, Chunga

Bholiya, Sodha

Lodra, Tilvaka, Tilva, Kramuka

Palluvedanachedi

Spilanthes acmella (L.) C.B. Clarke ex Hook

Tooth ache plant

 

Suptichada, Dandasulakhna Danduri.

Palmutukku

Ipomoea paniculata R.Br. (I. mauritiana Jacq.)

Giant potato, Finger leaf morning-glory

Bhilayakand, Bhuyikohata

Ksheeravidari, Vidari, Bhoomimanda, Payasvani, Ikshuvalli

Pampumkolli

Rauvolfia tetraphylla Linn.

Wild snake root. Serpentine root

Chandrabhaga, Chota chand

Vanasarpagandha, Sarpanasini

Panachi

Diospyros malabarica (Desr) Kostel.

Indian persimon

Gabh. Tedu

Tinduka, Tinduki

Panal

Glycosmis arborea (Roxb.) DC

 

Potali, Girgiti

Asvasakhota, Kupilu

Panikkoorka

Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng.

Indian borage

Pathar choor

Karpooravalli, Sugandhavalakam

Panjimaram

Bombax pentandrum Linn. (Ceiba pentandra (Linn.) Gaertn

Kopok tree, White silk cotton tree.

Saphed simal.

Kutasalmali, Swetasalmali

Pappaya

Carica papaya Linn.

Papaya

Pappaya, Pappita

Erandakarkati, Brehmeranda

Parachunda

Solanum torvum SW.

Yellow berried nightshade.

Remgani, Kateli, Kattaya

Brihat nidhigdhika, Samanga

Parpatakapullu

Hedyotis corymbosa (Linn.) Lam

 

Daman pappar, Pitpapra

Parpata, Parpataka

Parthenium

Parthenium hysterophorus Linn.

Parthenium

Parthenium

Vishalata, Parthenia, Svasini

Parumkurumba

Chonemorpha macrophylla (Roxb.) G.Don. (C. fragrans (Moon) Alston)

 

Garbhedaro

Murva, Morata, Dhanurmala, Madhusrava.

paruva

Streblus asper Lour.

Siamese rough-bush

Sihora

Sakhota, Patrollekhataru.

Pasakotta

Sapindus laurifolia Vaha.

Soapnut tree

Ritta

Phenila, Arishta, Gucchaphala

Passion fruit

Passiflora caerulea Linn.

Passion fruit

Passion fruit

Mamataphala, Amlaphala

Patavalam

Trichosanthes cucumerina Linn

Snake gourd

Caccinda, Paraval

Svadupatola, Chichinda

Patchouli

Pogostemon cablin Benth.

Patchouli

Patchouli

Patra, Gandhaparta

Patimukham

Prunus cerasoides D.Don.

Himalayan wild cherry

Patmakath, Paddam

Padmaka

Patiri

Stereospermum coalis (Buch. –Ham.ex. Dillw.)

Trumpet flower tree, Yellow snake tree

Padhala, Adakapari

Patala, Krishnavrinda, Kuberakshi, Tamrapushpi

Paval

Momordica charantia Linn

Bitter guard

Karela

Karavella

Pavatta

Pavetta indica Linn

 

Papari

Papata, Tiyakphala

Pavitta

Morinda pubescens J.E.Smith.

Morinda tree

Aach, Aal

Paphana

Pavu

Smilax china Linn

China root

Chopchini

Madhusnuhi, Dweepantaravacha

Payar

Vigna unguiculata (Linn.) Walp.

Cow pea

Lobiya, Santa

Rajamasha, Mahamasha

Peechil

Luffa acutangula (Linn.) Roxb

Ribbed gourd, Ridged gourd

Tori, Kali tori

Dhamargava, Svadukoshataki

Pera

Psidium guajava Linn.

Guava tree.

Amrud, Saphed saphari, Lal saphari

Peruka, Svaduphala

Perelam

Amomum subulatum Roxb.

Greater cardamom, Nepal cardamom

Badi ilyachi, Bari ilyachi,

Sthulaila, Bhadraila,

Periyalam

Clerodendrum viscosum Vent

Clerodendrum

Bhates, Titabhamt.

Bhandira

Perumjeerakam

Apiaceae

Fennel

Saumph

Misreya, Madhurika, Misi, Saleya

Pezhu

Careya arborea Roxb

Indian water lily

Kumbi

Kumbhi, Katabhi, Samudraphala

Pichakam

Jasminum grandiflorum Linn

Spanish jasmine, Common jasmine, Catalonian jasmine

Chameli, Jati

Malati, Jati

Pinampuli

Garcinia indica (Linn.) Robs.

Goan garcinia, Kokum

Kokum

Raktavrikshamla

Plavu

Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam

Jackfruit tree

Kathal, Chakki

Panasa, Svaduphala

Polla

Anamirta cocculus (Linn.) Wight & Arn.

Levant berry, Fish berry

Kakamari

Garalaphala, Kakamari

Ponnaveeram

Cassia occidentalis Linn.

Negro coffee, Stinking weed

Kasaundi, Barikasaundi

Kasamarda

Poomarautu

Terminalia paniculata Roxb.

Flowering murdah

 

Asvakarna

Poovam Kurunnila

Vernonia cinerea (Linn.) Less

Ash colored fleabane

Sahadevyi, Sadodi

Sahadevi, Uttamakanyapatra

Poovarasu

Thespesia populnea (Linn.) Soland ex Correa

Portia tree, Umbrella tree

Parasapipal

Haripuccha, Gardabhanda, Parisha, Kamandalu

Prasarini

Merremia tridentata (Linn.) Hallier f

 

 

Prasarini

Puliyaral

Oxalis corniculata Linn

Indian sorrel

Tinapatiya, Amrulsak

Changeri, Amlapatri

Pullani

Calycopteris floribunda Lam

 

Kokkare

Sushavi

Punna

Calophyllum inophyllum Linn.

Alexandrian laurel

Sultan champa, Sultana champak

Punnaga

Putharichunda

Solanum anguivi Lam

Poison berry

Barhanta

Brihati, Simhi

Puthina

Mentha piperita Linn

Peppermint

Pudina

Pootiha, Pudina, Rochani

Puzhukkolli

Rhinacanthus nasuta (Linn.)Kurz.

 

Palakjuhi, Juyipani

Yudhikaparni, Yoodhikaparni

Rajamalli

Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Linn.) Swartz.

Flower fence, Peacock’s pride, Paradise flower

 

Siddheswara, Siddhantha, Padangam

Raktachandanam

Pterocarpus santalinus Linn.f.

Red sandalwood, Ruby wood

Lalchandan

Raktachandana, Raktasara, Kshudrachandana

Ramacham

Vetiveria zizanioides (Linn.) Nash

Vetiver, Khas –khas grass

Khas

Useera, Sevya, Veerana, Veera, Ranapriya, Samagandhika, Sugandhimoola

Ramatulasi

Ocimum basilicum Linn.

Sweet basil

Babul, Babuyitulsi

Barbari, Arjaka, Sitarjaka

Rosapoo

Rosa centifolia Linn.

Rose

Gulab

Satapatri, Saumyaganda

Rudraksham

Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn.) K.Schum.

Rosery nut, Utrasum bead tree

Rudarki, Rudraks

Rudraksha, Bhootanasana, Neelakandaksha, Sivaksha Sivapriya

Sambharapullu

Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats.

Rusa grass, Rosha grass

Gandabel

Dhyamaka, Rohisha

Sankhapushpi

Canscora decussata (Roxb.) Schult.

Canscora

Sankhaphuli

Sankhini, Sanhkapushpi

Satavari

Asparagus recemosus Wild.

Wild asparagus

Satavar, Satamuli

Satavari, Abhiru, Sahasravirya,

Soochimulla

Jasminum auriculatum Vahl.

Needle flower jasmina

Juhi, Juyi

Yoodhika, Magadhi, Soochimallika

Stevia

Stevia rubodiyana Linn.

Stevia

Stevia

Svaduchada, Bhoomisarkara, Sarkarachada.

Sunnamukki

Cassia senna Linn

Indian senna

Sanay, Sana ka pat.

Svarnaparti, Hemapatri, Kalyani, Malaharini, Sonamukhi, Rechani

Takara

Cassia tora Linn.

Fetid cassia

Chakavad, Papamd

Chakramarda, Prapunnada, Prepanda, Meshalochana, Chakri

Takkali

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill

Tomato

Tamatar

Raktamachi

Takkolapputtil

Illicium verum Hook.f.

Star anise

Anasfal, Badiyan khatala

Takkola, Kakkola, Kakkolaka, Takkolaka

Tamara

Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn

Sacred lotus, Indian lotus, Chinese water lily

Kamal, Kanval

Padmam, Pankajam, Kamalam.

Tanni

Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb.

Belliric myrobalan

Baheda, Bhaira

Vibhitaki, Vibheetaka, Aksha, Kalidruma, Bhootavasa, Vibheetaki

Tatiri

Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn.) Kurz.

Fire flame bush, Woodfordia

Davi, Tavi

Dhataki, Agnijvala, Dhatupushti, Bahupushpi

Tavilama

Boerhaavia diffusa Linn

Hogweed, Pigweed

Gadahpurna, Sant

Punarnava, Sophaghni

Tazha

Pandanus odoratissimus Linn.f

Tatch screw pine

Kedgi, Kedva

Ketaki, Ketaka, Chamarapushpaka, Deerkhapatra, Gandhapushpa, Indukalika, Jambuka, Kandadala

Techi

Ixora coccinea Linn.

Jungle flame ixora, Flame of the woods

Rangan, Rugmini, Ranjan

Paranti, Patali, Raktala

Tejohva

Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb.

Toothache tree

Tejabala

Tumburu, Tejasvini, Tejovati, Vanaja, Sourabha

Tekkida

Heliotropium indicum Linn.

Indian turnsole

Siriyari, Hattasura

Vrischikali

Tettamparal

Strychnos potatorum Linn. F.

Clearing nut tree

Nirmali

Kataka, Ambuprasadah, Nirmala, Katah.

Teyila

Camellia sinensis (Linn.) O. Kuntze

Tea plant

Cay

Syamaparni, Caha

Thekku

Tectona grandis Linn.f.

Teak

Sagvan, Sagoun

Sakha, Bhoomisaha

Thippali

Piper longum Linn

Long pepper

Pipli, Pipal

Pippali, Magadhi

Tirutali

Ipomoea sepiaria Roxb.

Ipomoea

Bankalmi

Lakshmana. Klitani, Putrada, Nagini, Asrabinduchada

Tottavadi

Mimosa pudica Linn.

Sensitive plant, Humble plant

Lajvanti, Lajjavanti

Lajjalu, Samanga, Raktapadi, Namaskari, Kharatvak, Sankochani

Tozhukanni

Desmodium motora Linn.

Telegraphic plant

Namaskari

Namaskari, Chalapatri

Trikolpakonna

Operculina turpethum (Linn.) Silva Manso

Turpeth, Indian Rhubarb, Indian jalap

Nishoth, Tarbut

Trivrut, Tribhandi, Rechani, Suvaha

Triphala

 

 

 

 

Tudali

Ziziphus oenoplia (Linn.) Mill.

Jackal jujube

Kakkay

Karkandhu

Tulasi

Ocimum sanctum Linn (White variety)

Holy basil, Sacred basil, White basil

Tulsi

Tulasi, Surasa, Svetatulasi.

Uluva

Trigonella foemum-graecum Linn

Fenugreek

Meti, Mutti

Methika, Kalanusari, Methi, Gandhaphala, Vallari, Kunjika

Ummam

Datura metel Linn.

Thorn apple

Dattura

Dhattura, Dusthara, Unmatta, Durdhura

Ungu

Pongamia pinnata (Linn.) Pierre

Indian beech, Pongam oil tree

Karanj

Karanja, Naktamala, Gucchapushpa, Udakeerya, Krimimardana

uzhinja

Cardiospermum helicacabum Linn.

Balloon wine.

Kanphuti, Kapalaphoti

Sakralata, Indravalli, Karnasphota

Vadukappuli Narakam

Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle.

Bigarade orange, Seville orange

Khatta

Brihat nimbuka, Brihat jambira

Valanpuli

Tamarindus indica Linn.

Tamarind tree

Imli, Amli

Tintrini, Chincha, Tindidi, Tindida

Valiya Adalotakam

Adhatoda vasica Nees.

Malabar nut

Adusa, Arusa

Brihat vasa, Brihat vasaka, Vrisha, Vrishaka, Simhasya,

Valiya Kattuvellari

Citrullus colocynthis (Linn.) Schrader

Colocynth, Bitter apple

Makkal, Badi indrayan

Indravaruni, Mahendravaruni, Visala, Indrahva, Mrugadani, Gavadana, Kshudraphala, Gavakshi

Vallikkuruntotti

Cida cordata (Burm.f.) Borssum. (S.veronicaefolia Lam)

Snake mallow.

Bananiyar, Bhyunli

Nagabala, Bhumibala

Vallippala

Tylophora indica (Burm.f.) Merrill.

Indian ipecacuanha

Antamul, Jangli pikvam

Svasaghni, Lataksheeri

Valliyodal

Sarcostigma kleinii Wight & Arn.

 

 

Ingudi

Valpayar

Canavalia gladiata (Jacq.) DC.

Broad bean, Sword bean

Lalkududumpal

Assisimbi, Mahasimbi

Vanilla

Vanilla planifolia Linn. (Vanilla fragrans)

Vanilla

Vanilla

Sugandhiphala, Vanilla

Vankadaladi

Achyranthes aspera Linn

Prickly chaff-flower plant

Circita

Apamargah, Mayoorah,Markatapippalee, Durgrahah

Vasalacheera

Basella rubra Linn.

Indian spinach

Poi, Safed bachla

Kalambi, Mohini, Pothee, Upodika

Vatakkodi

Naravelia zeylanica (Linn.) DC

 

Vatanasini

Dhanavalli, Vatanasini.

Vatamkolli

Justicia gendarussa Burm.f.

 

Nilinirgundi, Udisambhalu

Vataghni

Vatsanabhi

Aconitum napellus Linn.

Indian aconite

Bachnag, Meetavish

Vatsanabha, Halahala, Pranahara

Vayalchulli

Hygrophilla auriculata (K.Schum.) Heine.

Long leaved barleria

Talmakhana, Kamtakalya

Kokilaksha, Ikshura

Vayambu

Acorus calamus Linn.

Sweet flag

Baach, Vacha

Vacha, Ugragandha, Golomi, Jatila, Shatgrandhi, Sataparvita

Vazhuthina

Solannum melongena Linn.

Brinjal, Egg plant

Bengan, Badanjan

Varttaki

Vella Erukku

Calotropis gigantea (Linn.) R.Br. (White variety)

White Madar

Gauri akavana, Aka, Mandara

Svetarka

Vella Nochi

Vitex trifolia Linn

White chaste tree

Samhalu, Saubhalu

Svetasindhuvara, Sephalika

Vella Samkupushpam

Clitoria ternatea Linn (White variety)

White Clitoria flower

Aparajit

Sankapushpam, Aparajita, Girikarnika

Vellari

Cucumis sativus Linn

Cucumber, Common cucumber

Kheera

Trapusa

Vellila

Mussaenda frondosa Linn

Wild mussenda

Bedina

Sreeparna, Rajatari, Sreepatri, Sreemati

Velluram

Abutilon indicum Sw.

Country mallow

Kabi, Kakahi, Chambi

Atibala, Balika, Vatyapushpy, Bhuribala

Veluthulli

Allium sativum Linn.

Garlic

Beluli, Lasan

Lasuna, Ugragandha, Bhootaghni, Rasona

Velutta Mandaram

Bauhinia recimosa Linn.

White bauhinia

Kanchanar

Svetakanchanara, Karbudara

Velutta Nilappana

Chlorophytum tuberosum (Roxb.) Baker.

White musli

Saphed musali

Mahavrishya, Svetamusali, Vrishyakanda

Velutta Tavilama

Boerhaavia procumbense (B. verticillata)

White hogweed, White pigweed

Gadahpurna, Sant

Svetapunarnava, Sophaghni

Velutta Ummam

Datura stramonium Linn.

White Thorn apple

Dattura

Dhattura, Dusthara, Unmatta, Durdhura

Velvelam

Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) Willd.

White babool, Distiller’s acacia

Safed babool

Arimeda

Venda

Hibiscus esculentus Linn. (Abelmoschus esculentus (Linn.) Moench )

Lady’s finger, Okra

Bhindi, Bhindi tori

Bhenda

Venga

Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.

Indian kino tree, Malabar kino tree

Vijayasara, Bijasal, Bila

Asana, Beejaka, Petaca, Bandhukavriksha

Venkaringali

Acacia polyantha Willd.

White cutch tree, White catechu

Svetkhadir

Kadara, Somavalka

Veppu

Azadirachta inaica A.Juss.

Neem tree, Margosa tree.

Neem, Nimb

Nimba, Arista, Hinguniryasa, Manda, Tiktaka

Vetta

Piper betle Linn.

Betel leaf plant

Pan

Tamboolavalli, Tamboola, Tamboolavallika

Vilarmaram

Limonia acidissima Linn.

Elephant apple, Wood apple, Curd fruit, Monkey fruit

Katbel, Kaith

Kapitha, Kapi

Vishapacha

Clinacanthus siamensis

 

 

Sophaghni, Vishaghni, Vishalata

Vishnukranthi

Evolvulus alsinoides (Linn.) Linn

 

Syamakrantha,Vishnukrantha

Harikranta, Vishnukranta

Vizhal

Embelia ribes Burm.f.

 

 

Vidanga, Vilanga, Vella, Krimighna, Krimiripu

Yasank

Azima tetracantha Lam

 

Kanda-gur-kamay

Kunthali, Kundali, Kandaki