Ayurvedic medicinal plants


There are many medicinal plants in Kerala, some of which are also referred to as ayurvedic medicinal plants or ayurvedic plants in Kerala.  Kerala ayurvedic plants have been used in Ayurvedic practice for centuries now, and have helped many who have received the ayurvedic treatment. Medicinal plants of Kerala constitute of roughly 900 plants out of 4600 plants, and some of the common medicinal plants in Kerala include: Karinechi, Piper longum, Psuedartheria viscida, Asparagus racemosus and Desmondium gangeticum.
Below is a list of medicinal plants in Kerala, including ayurvedic medicinal plants in Kerala and the ayurvedic medicinal plants in Malayalam/ medicinal plants in Malayalam.


Kerala ayurvedic plants / Kerala Medicinal plants / Names of medicinal plants in Kerala

Ayurvedic plants Malayalam names / Ayurvedic medicinal plants Malayalam (medicinal plants in Malayalam language)

Scientific names of medicinal plants in Kerala.

Medicinal plants in kerala Wikipedia - A
brief description of the plants

Triangular Spurge

Tridhara plant

Euphorbia antiquorum Linn

It is a plant consisting of a shrub and has the potential to grow to a height of around 5 metres.

Balloon plant

Uzhinja plant / valli uzhinja

 

Cardiospermum halicacabum

This plant has antidiarrhoeal properties and is commonly used in hompeopathy. It is also part of ‘Dasapushpam’

Thumba

Thumba chedi

Leucas aspera

This plant has medivicinal properties to relieve: throat pain, tonsillitis, diabetes and jaundice.

Trailing eclipta

Kayyoni

Eclipta Prostrata

Can grow up to 36 inches tall. Medical properties include treating nasal problems.

Honey tree

Puvaam

Schleichera oleosa

Has an aromnatic smell and pink or red flowers. Useful for treating skin diseases, malarial fever and cholera.

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Parpataka pullu

Hedyotis corymbosa

Helps provide immune support, inflammation responses, colds, fevers, and temperatures.

Nettle leaf

Nettle leaf in Malayalam:

Dendrocnide sinuata

One of the common herbal plants in Kerala used for its general medicnal properties.

Garden cress seeds

Garden cress seeds in Malayalam: aasaly

Lepidium sativum

Used in cooking for its peppery tangy taste. But this plant is useful to prevent postnatal compications in ayurveda.

Rhubarb

Rhubarb in Malayalam: triputa

 

The Indian rhubarb plant can be used in treatments of jaundice, , skin diseases and fevers and colds.

Stevia / Sweet leaf plant

Stevia in Malayalam:
Stevia

Stevia rebaudiana

This plant can be used to lower blood pressure, hypetension, infections, tiredness, depression and renal problems.

Here are some more of the medicinal plants in Kerala with pictures:

Castor oil plant

 

 

Holy Basil

 

 

Sandalwood

 

Plants arranged by Malayalam NameScientific Name English NameHindi NameSanskrit Synonyms Aamattali Trema orientalis Blume. (Sponia orientalis Planch)Charcoal-tree, Pigeon wood Javanti Aambal Nymphaea nouchali Burn.f. Indian water lily Kanval, Kokka Kumudam, Ulpalam AAnakuruntotti Sida rhombifolia Linn. Wild mallow Barela, Lalbarela Atibala, Hastibala, Mahasamanga, Vadhyala Aanathumba Urtica parviflora Roxb Phlomis Gooma Kanjee, Drona, Kutumbakam, Kumbhayoni, Mahadrona Aanatottavadi Mimosa invisa Linn Big Sensitive plant Lajvanti, Lajjavanti Brihallajjalu, Vanasamanga Aanattakara Cassia alata Linn. Ringworm shrub Dadmurdan Dadrughna, Dvipagasti Aanjili Artocarpus hirsutus Lam. Wild jack Vadahar Lakucha, Likucha, Dahu, Adahu, Iravatam Aasali Lepidium sativum Linn. Garden cress, Common cress Chanasura, Halima Chandrasoora, Chandrika, Vasapushpa, Pasumehanakarika Aatunarivela Cleome viscosa Linn. Wild mustard, Cleome, Sticky cleome Hulhul, Hurhur Pasugandha Aaveeram Cassia auriculata Linn. Tanner's cassia Tarvar, Tarval Avartaki Aavil Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch Indian elm, Kanju Papri, Cilbil Chirivilva, Pootikaranja Adakkamaniyan Sphaeranthus indicus Linn East Indian globe thistle. Mundi Hapusha, Mundi, Sravani, Alambusha, kadambapushpi Adalotakam Adhatoda beddomei C.B.Clarke Malabar nut Adusa, Arusa Vasa, Vasaka, Vrisha, Vrishaka, Simhasya, Vishnu, Vajidanta, Adaroosha Adambuvalli Ipomoea pes-caprae (Linn) R.Br. Goat's foot creeper Dopatilata Maryadavalli, Sagaramekhala Adapatiyan Holostemma ada-kodien Schultes Chirvel Jeevanti, Arkapushpi, Ksheerini, Payasvini Agatti Sesbania grandiflora (Linn.) Poir Swamp pea Agast, Hathya Agastya, Munitaru, Vangasenaka Akasatondi Passiflora foetida (L.) M.Roem. Wild Maracuja, Stinking Passion Flower Lomaphala, Svaduphala. Akasavellari Passiflora leschenaultii DC. Akasatrapusa Akkikaruka Anacyclus pyrethrum DC Pellitory Akarakara Agragrahi, Akarakarabha Alpam Apama siliquosa Kodassari, Alpam Amara Lablab purpureus Linn. Lablab bean, Indian butter bean Sem, Bhatvas Nispava Ambazham Spondias pinnata (Linn.f.) Kurz Hogplum Jangli aam, Amra Amrataka Amukkuram Withania somnifera (Linn.) Dunal. Winter cherry Asgandh, Punir Asvagandha, Varahakarni,Vajigandha, Varahika, Varahakarni Anachuvadi Elephantopus scaber Linn Prickly leaved elephant's foot Gobhi Gojihva, Gobhi, Kharaparnini analivegam Alstonia venenata R. Br. Vishagni Vishagni, Anadana, Ankola Ankolam Alangium salvifolium Wang. Sage-leaved alangium Angol,Dhera Ankolah, Kolakah, Rechi, Deerghakeelakah Appopantadi Chonemorpha fragrans (Moon) Alston; Conemorpha Garbedero Vishani, Meshashringi, Ajavalli Aranamaram Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites. Mast tree, Cemetery tree Debadari, Asoka Ulkata, Kastadaru Arayal Ficus religiosa Linn Peepal tree, Sacred fig. Peepal, Peepar Avatha, Pippala, Kshiravriksha, Chalapatra, Bodhidruma Aripoov Lantana camara Linn. Lantana weed Chaturang, Khaneri Chaturangi, Vanacchedi Arogyapacha Tricopus zeilanicus Jeevani Jeevani Jeevani, Rishi bhojyam Asokachetti Ixora macrothyrsa Linn. Garden Ixora Asokaparanti Asokam Saraca asoka (Roxb.) de Wilde Asoka tree Asok Asoka, Gatasoka Athachakka Annona squamosa Linn. Custard apple, Sugar apple Seetaphal Seetaphalam, Sudha, Subha Athipazham Ficus carica Linn. Fig. Anjeer Falgu, Anjeera, Manjula Atiranjpoovu Osbeckia wayanadensis C.B. Clarke Jaleshani, Kharapatri, Svabhrapushpi Atitippali Scindapsus officinalis (Roxb.) Schott. Gajapippal, Baripippli Hastitippali, Gajapippali Atti Ficus racemosa Linn. Country fig, Cluster fig Umar, Gular Udumbara, Krimiphala, Jantuphala, Sevya Atukottappala Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. Birth wort, Worm killer Kitamari Keetamari, Dhoomrapatra, Nakuli Avilpori Ophiorrhiza mungos Linn. Mongoose plant Sarhati Sarpakshi, Sarpari Ayamodakam Trachispermum roxburghianum (DC.) Craib Bishop's weed Ajovan Agnika, Ajamodakam, Deepyaka, Kharasva, Yavanika, Ayyappana Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl. (Eupatorium ayapana Vent) Ayapana tea Ayapan Ayaparna, Ajaparna Azantha Pajanelia longifolia K.Schum. (Pajnelia rheedii Wt.) Wild Trumpet tree Bandsnapatha, Ban syona Brihat dunduka, Brihat syonaka Azhukanni Cressa cretica Linn. Rudravanti, Lana Rudandi, Rudandika Balladona Atropa bella-donna Linn. Deadly nightshade Saga Hritpatri Balsam Impatiens balsamina Linn. Garden balsam Balsam Vatikadrona Barley Hordeum vulgare Linn. Barley Jav, Jau Yava Beetroot Beta vulgaris Linn. Beet root Palak, Chukkndan Palakya Brahmi Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Pennell Brahmi Brabmbhi Brahmi, Trayamana, Seetakamini, Trayanthi, Bhekaparni Cabbage Brassica oleracea Linn. var. capitata Linn. Cabbage Bantgopi Kembuka, Kemuka Carrot Daucus carota Linn. Carrot Gajar Garjara Chakkarakkolli Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br. Periploca of the woods Gud-mar, Merasingi Ajasringi, Meshasringi, Madhunasini. Chamata Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub. Flame of the forest Palas, Dhak Palasa, Kimsuka, Raktapushpa, Ksharasreshta Champa Syzygium jambos (Linn.) Alston Rose apple Gulab-jamun Champeya Chandanam Santalum album Linn. Sandal tree, White sandal tree Safed chandan, Santal Chandana, Srikhandam Changalamparanda Cissus Quadrangualaris Linn. Edible stemmed vine, Bone setter Hadjod, Hadjora Asthisrinkhala, Vajravalli, Dharavalli, Chaturdhara, Vajralatha. Channakkizhangu Costus speciosus (Koenig ex Retz.) j.E.Smith. Kebu, Kevu Chanda, Kevuka, Pechuli, Dalasalini Chappgnga Caesalpinia sappan Linn. Japan wood, Sappan wood, Brazil wood Patamg, Bakam Kuchandana, Lohita, Patanga, Ranjana, Patranga Charmalanta Acacia sinuata (Lour.) Merr. Soapnut acacia Satala, Kochi, Seekakai Saptala, Charmasahva Chaturakkali Euphorbia antiquorum Linn. Triangular spurge Tridara Snuhi, Vajrakandaka, Tridhara Chaturamulla Myxopyrum serratulum A.W.Hill. Peelachameli Hemamalati, Chaturdharalata Cheleyam Parmelia perlata (Huds.) Ach. Stone flower, Litho lichen Chadeela, Pathar ka phool Saileyam, Silapushpa Chempakam Michelia champaca Linn. Golden Champak, Champak Champa Champaka, Atigandha, Sukumara, Kanchana, Hemapushpa Chemparatty Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn Gudahal Japa, Ondrapuspi, Ragapuspi Chempu Colocasia esculenta (Linn.) Schott. Cocoyam, Taro Kachalu, Khuyya Alookam, Aloopam Chena Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) (A.companulatus (Decne.) Sivad Elephant foot yam. Suran, Jamikand Kumudam, Ulpalam Chengazhineerkizhangu Kaempheria rotunda Linn. Indian crocus Bhuyichampa Bhumichampaka, Bhuchampaka, Hallaka Chenjalyam Shorea robusta Gaertn.f. Sal tree Sal Sala, Aasvakarna, Dhoopavriksha, Rala Cherukara Canthium parviflorum Lam Carray cheddile Kirma, Kadbar Gangeruki, Chayatinisha Cherukataladi Cyathula prostrata Blume. Small prickly chaff – flower plant Lal Chirchira Rakthapamarga, Mayoora, Sikhari, Markatapippali Cherula Aerva lanata (Linn.) Juss.ex Schultes Chaya Bhadra, Kurandaka, Gorakshaganja Cherunarakam Citrus limon (Linn.) Burm.f.. Lime tree, Lemon Jamir nimbu, Nimbu Nimbuka, Jambira, Jambaka Cherupayar Vigna radiata (Linn.) Wilczek Green gram Mumg, Pessara Mugda, Simbisreshta, Varnaha, Rasotama Cherupunna Celastrus paniculatus Willd. Black oil tree, Climbing staff plant Malkangani, Malkunki Jyotishmati, Tejovati, Bahuphala, Peetataila Cheruthekku Clerodendrum serratum (Linn.) Moon Bharangi Brahmanayashtika, Kharashakha, Padma, Kasajith, Barbura Chettikkoduveli Plumbago rosea Linn. Leadwort, Red leadwort, Fire plant Chitra, Chita Chitraka, Agni, Dahana Chiravanakkau Tridax procumbens Linn. Coat buttons Ekapushpi, Vranaropani Chiteental Phoenix pusilla Gaertn Wild date-palm Palavat Parooshaka Chittamritu Tinospora cordifolia (Wild.) Mires ex Hook.f. & Thoms Gulancha tinospora, Tinospora Giloy, Gulancha, Amrta Guduchi, Amrita, Chinnaruha Chittaratha Alpinia calcarata Rox. The greater galangal, Java galangal Kulanjan Rasna, Sugandhamoola, Kulanjana Cholam Zea mays Linn. Indian maize, Maize, Corn Makka, Barajovar Makkaya, Mahakaya Choondappana Caryota urens Linn. Elephant's palm, Fish-tail palm Mari, Mari ka jhat Sreetala Chooral Calamus rotang Linn. Rattan Beth, Bemth Vetra Choot Eriocaulon sp. Linn. Broom herb Choota, Chootatrina Choriyanam Tragia involucrata Linn. Stinging nettle Barhanta Dusparsa, Duralabha, Yavasa, Ananta, Yavasa Chuvanakanakambaram Barleria prionitis Linn. (Red variety) Red crossandra Kanakambar Vajradanti, Kurantaka, Koranta Chuvanna amalpori Rauvolfia serpentina (Linn.) Benth. ex Kurz. Indian snake root. Serpentine root. Chandrabhaga, Chota chand Sarpagandha, Chandrika, Nakuli, Sarpadani, Kukkudi, Raktatrika Chuvanna arali Nerium indicum Mill. (N. oleander Linn) Indian oleander, Red oleander Kaner, Karber Karaveera, Raktakaraveera, Asvaghna, Asvamaraka, Hayamaraka Chuvanna Avanakku Ricinus communis Linn. (Red variety) Red Castor Erandi, Erand Rakterandah, Panchangula, Vatari, Deerghadanda, Gandharvahasta, Tharuna, Vardhamana, Rubkam Chuvanna Mandram Bauhinia variegata Linn. (Bauhinia purpuria Linn.) Red bauhinia Kanchanar Raktakanchanara, Kovidara Chuvanna Nalumanichedi Mirabilis jalapa Linn. (Red Variety) Four O' Clock plant, Marvel of Peru Lal Gulabas Krishnakeli, Sandhyakuli Chuvanna Niruri Breynia rhamnoides Muell. Indian snow berry Kamuni, Surasaruni Aruni Chuvanna Puliyarila Oxalis violacea Linn. Indian red sorrel, Wood sorrel. Tinapatiya, Amrulsak Raktachangeri, Amlapatri Communist Pacha Chromolaena odorata King & Robinson. Eupatorium Ropani, Seekhrasarpi Couliflower Brassica cauliflora (DC.), (B. caulocarpa.) Cauliflower Phoolgobhi Svetakembuka, Svetakemuka Dandappala Wrightia tinctoria Linn Ivory wood, Pala indigo plant. Kanval, Kokka Svetakutaja, Hayamaraka Darbha Desmostachya bipinnata (Linn.) Stapf. Sacrificial grass Dab, Davoli Darpha, Kusha Dasamoola Devadaru Cedrus deodara (Roxb.ex.D.Don) G.Don Deodar, Himalayan cedar Dvedar, Deodar Devadaru, Suradaru, Bhadradaru, Paribhadra, Amarakashta, Snehavriksha Entinpana Cycas circinalis Linn Cycas Jangli madan mast ka phool Hintala EEthappana Phoenix dactylifera Linn. Date palm Khajur Kharjura, Svaduphala Eeti Dalbergia latifolia Roxb. (D. emerginata Roxb, D. sissoides Grah.) Rose wood, Indian rose wood, Black wood Sitsal Simsipa, Sinsipa, Krishnasara, Gurusara, Krishnasimsapa Eezhachempakam Plumeria rubra Linn. (White variety) Pogodo tree, Plumeria Chameli, Gopurachampa, Golenchi Ksheerachampaka, Svetachampaka Ekanayakam Salacia reticulata Wight. Vairi, Peetika Elam Elettaria cardamomum Maton. Cardamom Elaichi Ela, Truti, Puta, Sookshma, Dravidi, Upakunjika, Kayastha. Elanji Mimusops elengi Linn. Bullet-wood tree Bakul, Maulsiri Bakula, Gandhapushpa Ellu Sesamum indicum Linn. Sesame, Gingili Til Tilah, Snehaphala, Paravata Erumakkali Argemone mexicana Linn. Mexican poppy, Prickly poppy Pharangi dattura, Bhatbhamt Haimavathi, Brahmadanthi, Patuparnee, Peethadugdha Erumanak Ficus hispida Linn.f. Creeping fig. Gobla Malayu, Kakodumbarika Ezhilam Pala Alstonia scholaris (Linn.) R.Br. Devil tree Chattiyan, Saitan ka jat Saptaparna, Sapthachada, Visalatvak, Chatraparna, Suktiparna, Sarada Ganapatinarakam Citrus medica Linn. Citron Baranimbu, Bijaira Matulunga Gandharajan Gardenia gummifera Linn.f. (G. lucida Roxb) White emetic nut Dekamari Nadeehingu, Hingunadika, Jantuka, Gandharaja Garudapacha Selaginella rupestris Spring. Resurrection plant Garudi Amritachada, Garudi, Sarpadani Gramboo Syzygium aromaticum (Linn.) Merrill & Perry Clove tree Launga, laumg Lavanga, Devapushpa, Bringa, Sreeprasunaka Gulgulu Commiphora mukul (Hook.ex.Stocks) Engl. Indian bdellium tree Gugal, Guggul Guggulu, Mahishaksha, Palankasha, Devadhupa Idampiri Valampiri Helicterus isora Linn. East Indian screw tree Marorphali Avartani, Murva, Mrigasringi, Marodhaphali Idnjil Commiphora caudata Wight & Arn Engl. Hill mango Ikkata, Ikkada Ilamulachi Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pres. Jakh me hayat Astibhaksha, Parnabeeja Ilanta Ziziphus mauritiana (jujuba) Lam. Indian jujube, Chinese date. Ber, Beri Badara, Kola, Koli Ilavu Bombax ceiba Linn (Salmalia malabarica (D.C.) Schott & Endlicher.) Red silk cotton tree Semul, Semar Salmali, Mocha, Picchila, Raktapushpa, Stirayu, Poorani, Kandaka Ilimbi Averrhoa bilimbi Linn. Bilimbi, Cucumber tree Belumbu Karmaraka, Karamaranga, Siralam, Krama, Amlee, Karukha Illi Bambusa arundinacea (Retz) Willd. Bamboo Banz Vamsa, Venu, Rujasaha, Vamsalekhana Inchi Zingiber officinale Rosc. Ginger Adarak Ardraka, Shundi, Shrngavera, Mahoushadhi Irattimadhuram Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn. Liquorices, Licorice Mulhati, Jetimad Yashti, Yashtimadhu, Madhuka, Kleetaka, Madhusrava, Atirasa Irumbanpuli Averrhoa carambola Linn. Carambola apple, Karazola, Coromandal gooseberry. Kamarang Karmaranga, Karuka Irupool Xylia dolabriformis Benth. (Mimosa xylocarpa Roxb.) Iron wood Seesam, Seeso Kusimsipa, Kapila, Krishnasara, Bhasmagrabha, Avasadini Ittakkanni Loranthus falcatus (Linn.f) Etting. (Dendrophthoe falcate Linn.f.) Mistletoe Banda Vrikshadani, Vrkshadani Jatamanji Nardostachys jatamamsi DC. ( N. grandiflora DC). Indian night shade Barhata, Jatamamsi Jatamamsi, Mamsi, Bhootajata, Jatila, Tapasvani, Missi, Sulochana Jatikkai Miristica fragrans Houtt. Nutmeg tree, Mace tree Jay ka pat, Jayphal Jati, Jateephala, Malatiphala Jeerakam Cuminum cyminum Linn Headache tree Jira, Saphed Jira, Shoufa, Dhaniya Jeeraka, Gaurajeeraka Jeevakam Malaxis acuminata D.Don Jeevak Jivak Jeevakam, Jeevaka Kachil Dioscorea alata Linn. Greater yam, Asiatic yam Khamalu, Chupri alu. Alukam. Kacholam Kaempferia galanga Linn. Chandramoola Gandhamoolaka, Sathi, Dravidaka, Chanda Kadamb Neolamarckia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser. Kadam Kadamb Kadamba, Kutsitanga Kadaplav Artocarpus communis Forst. Bread fruit Bilatti kat hal Kshudrapanasa Kadukka Terminalia chebula Retz Chebulic myrobalan Hara, Harara, Harad Pathya, Abhaya, Rohinee, Chetaki, Haritaki Kaipanarachi Melia orientalis Linn. (Cipadessa baccifera Miq.) Nal-bila, Rana-bili Vanamalini, Kshudranimba Kaitachakka Ananas comosus (Linn.) Merrill (A. sativus Schultes f.) Pineapple Ananas Anamnasa, Bahunetraphala Kallarayal Ficus arnottiana (Miq.) Miq. Paras peepal Kapeetana, Parisa, Parisha Kalli Euphorbia ligularia Roxb. Leafy Spurge, Milk hedge Sehunda, Dhusar Snuhi, Samandadudga, Sehunda Kallichedi Opuntia dillenii Haw. (Cactus indicus Roxb.) Prickly-pear cactus Nagphana Vidhara, Vishwa, Saraka Kalloorvanchi Rotula aquatica Lour. Pashanabhed Kanval, Kokka Pashanabhedah, Asmabheda, Mootrala, Kallurukki Scoparia dulcis Linn. Pashanabheda, Asmaghni Kalluvazha Ensete superba (Roxb) Cheesman. (Musa superba Roxb.) Wild plantain, Indian bead Sabbajaya Devakeli, Kamakshi, Krishna-tamara Kalyana Saughandhikam Hedychium coronarium Koening ex. Retz Common ginger lilly. Garland flower Kanval, Kokka Kalyana saughandhikam Kambilinaranga Citrus grandis Osteck Forbidden fruit, Paradise apple, Pomelo, Pume Batavi-nebu Madhukakkati, Madhuramlaphala, Brihat naranga Kampippala Mallotus philippensis (Lam) Muell. Arg. Kamala tree Sindur, Kamala Rechanaka, Kampillaka Kanakambaram Barleria prionitis Linn. (Yellow variety) Crossandra Kanakambar Vajradanti, Kurantaka, Koranta Kandakarichunda Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & Wendl. (S.surattense Burm.f.) Yellow berried nightshade Remgani, Kateli, Kattaya Kandakari, Nidigdhika Kandal Rhizophora mangle Mangrove Bina Agnimukha, Agnisikha Kanjavu Cannabis sativa Linn Indian hemp Bhang, Ganja, Charas Bhanga, Ganjika, Vijaya, Harshini, Matulani, Indrasana Kanjiram Strychnos nux-vomica Linn Poison Nut Tree, Snake-wood, Quaker button Kuchala Karaskaram, Vishatindukam, Vishadruma, Kalakutaka, Garadruma Kannanthali Exacum bicolor Roxb Akshipushpi Kantaricheeni Capsicum frutescens Linn Bird's eye chilly Jhal Katuveera, Teekshna, Ujjuala, Teevrasakti Kappi Coffea Arabica Linn. Coffee tree. Arabian coffee Caphi, Pilu Rajapeelu Karalayam Aristolochia indica Linn Indian birthwort Isvarmul Garalika, Eesvari, Garudi Karicheera Portulaca oleracea Linn Common purslane Badi noni, Bara laniya Lonika, Brihat loni, Khotika Karimbolam Trapa natans Linn. Var.bispinosa (Roxb.) Makino Water chestnut, Singhara nut Singhara, Simkhata Shringataka Karimbu Saccharum officinarum Linn Sugarcane Pundiya, Ganna Pundarika, Ikshu Karimkurunji Strobilanthes heynianus Nees (Strobilanthes ciliatus Nees) Strobilanthus Karvi Sahachara, Sairayea, Daasi. Karingali Acacia catechu (Linn.f) Wild Dark catechu, Cutch tree Khair Khadira, Kushtari, Rakthasaram Karingota Samadera indica Gaertn. Niepa bark tree Lokhanadi Gucchakaranja Karivelam Acacia nilotica (Linn.) Willd.ex.Del Babul, Indian Gum Arabic tree Babul Barbara, Vavari Kariveppu Murraya koenigii (Linn) Spreng. Curry leaf tree Kariaipak, Mithanim, Katnim Surabhinimba, Kaidarya, Kalasaka, Krishnanimba Karkokil Psoralea corylifolia Linn. Babchi, psoralea seed Bavchi, Bakchi Bakuchi, Vakuchi, Avalgujabeeja, Somaraji, Poothifalee, kushtaghni Karpoora tulasi Ocimum kiliandscharicum Guerke Camphor basil Karpur tulsi Karpooratulasi, Maruvaka, Marutham Karpooram Cinnamomum camphora (Linn.) Presl Camphor Karpur Karpoora Karukapullu Cynodon dactylon (Linn.) Pers. Dhub grass, Bhama grass Dub, Durba Neeladurva, Durva. Karunocci Vitex negundo Linn Five leaved chaste tree Samhalu, Saubhalu,Nirgandi Nirgundi, sindhuvara, Neelamanjari,Indranika, Indrasurasa, Bhoothakeshi, Neelika Karuppu Papaver somniferum Linn Opium poppy Kaskas, Aphim Ahiphena, Khasatila, Subhrapushpa, Aphena Karuva Cinnamomum verum Presl. (C. Zeylanicum B.l) Cinnamon Dalchini, Daruchini Tvak, Twak, Cocham, Darusita, Tamala Kashumav Anacardium occidentale Linn Cashew nut tree. Kaju, Duk Venamra, Vrikkaphala, Vrikkabeeja Kasitumba Impatiens chinensis Linn.. Wild balsam Ban gulmendi Kshudradrona Kastoorimanjal Curcuma aromatica Salisb. Wild turmeric, Cochin turmeric, Yellow zedoary Jungali haldi, Ban haldi Aranyaharidra, Vanaharidra, Kastooriharidra Kasturivenda Hibiscus abelmoschus Linn. (Abelmoschus moschatus Medikus) Musk mallow, Ambrette seed plant Latakasturi, Muskadana Latakasturi, Gandhapoora Katalavanakku Jatropha curcas Linn. Purging nut Jungli erand, Pahari erand Dravanti Kattamalpori Rauvolfia canescens Linn. Black snake root. Kala Chandrabhaga Brihat sarpagandha, Vanasarpagandha, Krishnasarpagandha Kattamrit Tinospora malabarica Mires Wild tinospora Bangiloy Vanaguduchi, Vanaamrita Kattappa Ageratum conyzoides Linn. Goat weed. Visadodi Vishamushti Kattarvazha Aloe vera (Linn.) Burm. (Aloe barbadensis Mill) Aloe, Indian aloe Gheekaumar, Ghikumari Kumari, Grithakumari, Grihakanya Kattellu Sesamum orientale Linn. Wild sesame Ban til Vanatila, Aranyatila, Snehaphala Kattu pavu Smilax zeylanica Linn Indian smilax Jangali aushbah Vana madhusnuhi, Anana madhusnuhi. Kattuchena Amorphophallus dubius BI (A.sylvaticus Kunth) Wild yam. Vansooran, Bansooran Vanasoorana, Vajrakanta, Kanana kanda Kattucher Holigarna arnottiana Hook. Black varnish tree of Malabar Holgery Vanabhallataka Kattugotambu Coix lacryma-jobi Linn Job's tears Gurlu, Samkru Gavedhuka Kattujeerakam Vernonia anthelmintica Willd. Purple fleebane. Kaleejeera, Bakshi Aranyajeeraka, Brihatpali Kattukarayamboo Ludwigia octovalis (Jacq.) Raven Primrose willow Banlunga Bhoolvananga Kattukurumulaku Piper brachystachyum Wall. Wild pepper Chab Chavya, Chavika, Vanamaricha, Aranyamaricha Kattulli Crinum latifolium Linn. Wild onion Chakrangi, Dodhyani, Maduparnika, Somavalli Kattumulla Jasminum angustifolium (Linn.) Willd. Wild jasmine Banmallika Vanamallika, Asphota Kattunjaval Syzygium caryophyllatum (Linn.) Alston. Wild black plum Jangli jamun, Jangli jaman Kshdurajambu Kattunjerinjil Pedalium murex Linn. Bada gokhru Tiktagokshura, Stoolagokshura Kattupeechil Luffa cylindrica (Linn.) M. Roem.(L. acgypliaca Mill.) Sponge gourd. Vegetable sponge, Wash sponge Khiya tori Koshataki, Mahakoshataki, Tiktakosataki Kattutulasi Ocimum americanum Linn. Hoary basil Vantulsi Vana tulasi, Aranya tulasi, Vanabarbarika. Kattuzhunnu Vigna radiata (Linn.) Wilczek Wild black gram Banoord Mashaparni, Vanamasha Katuku Brassica nigra Linn. Mustard Rayi Srashapa, Rajita, Aasuri Kavungu Areca catechu Linn Arecanut tree, Betelnut tree Supari Kramuka, Pooga, Pumgiphala, Guvaka, Khoranda, Udvegam Kaypan Patolam Trichosanthes lobata Roxb. Bitter snake gourd, Wild snake gourd Jangali cicinda Patola, Vanapatola, Tiktapatola Kayyoni Eclipta prostrata (Linn) Linn Trailing eclipta Bangrah, Moprant Keshabringa, Bringaraja, Bringa, Angaraka, Kesaranjana Kazhanji Caesalpinia bonduc (Linn.) Roxb Fever nut Kandkeraj, Kantikaranja Latakaranja, Kuberakshi, Kandakikaranja, Karsha Kazhimuthanga Cyperus esculentus Linn Chufa, Tiger nut Kazhimuthanga, Kuzhimuthanga Bhadramusta, Nagaramustaka Keezharnelli Phyllanthus amarus Schum. & Thonn Indian water lily Jangli amli, Jaramla Tamalaki, Bhoomyamalaki, Bhoodhatri, Bahupatra. Kilukiluppa Crotalaria retusa Linn. Crotalaria Khunkhuniyan Sanapushpi, Sanaghantika, Kinihi Kiriyath Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Wall. ex Nees Chiretta plant Kiryat Kiratatikta, Kandatikta, Bhoonimba, Tiktaka Kodappunna Dillenia pentagyna Roxb Brihatpunnaga, Svapunnaga Koduveli Plumbago zeylanica Linn. Leadwort, White leadwort, Fire plant Chitra, Chita Chitraka, Agni, Dahana Kokko Theobroma cacao Linn Cacao, Cocoa, Chocolate tree. Kokkokava Kokovriksha, Rasalaphala, Madhuragoliki Konna Cassia fistula Linn. Indian laburnum, Purging fistula Amaltas, Girimala Aragvadha, Kritamala, Rajavriksha, Chaturangulam, Deerkhaphala Kooramullu Spinifex littorcus Merr. (S. squarrosus Linn) Vishakandaki, Mooshikakandaki Koova Maranta arundinaceae Linn. Arrowroot, West Indian arrowroot. Tikhor Tuvaksheeri, Tugaksheeri Koovalam Aegle marmelos Linn. Corr. Bael tree, Holy Fruit tree Kanval, Kokka Vilva, Maloorah, Sreephala, Sadaphala, Sailoosha. Koval Leucas aspera (Willd) Link Ivy gourd Bimb, Kanturi Dronapushpi, Chitrapatrika, Phalepushpa, Karabhapriya, Drona Kozhinjil Tephrosia purpurea (Linn.) Pers. Purple tephrosia, Wild indigo Saraphonka Sarapunkha, Bana, Banapunkha, Pleehasatru Krishnakireetam Clerodendrum paniculatum Linn Red pagoda plant Krishnakireeta Krishnatulasi Ocimum sanctum Linn (Black variety) Holy basil, Sacred basil, Black basil Krishnatulsi Tulasi, Surasa, Svetatulasi kudalchurukki Borreria articularis (Linn.f.) F.N.Will. Shaggy button plant Vasuka Vasuka, Madanghanta, Pasupata Kudampuli Garcinia gummi-gutta (Linn.) Robs Indian garcinia Bilatti amli Vrikshamla Kudappana Corypha umbraculifera Linn Fan palm, Large palmyra, Tali-pot Bhajarbettu Katakali, Tali, Sreetala, Visalapatra, Ekapatraphala, Karalika Kulamavu Persea macrantha (Nees) Kosterm Machils, Persea Picchilataru, Kshudramra Kumbalam Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn. Ash gourd Pedha, Raksa Kusmanda, Sreshtaphala Kumbil Gmelina arboria Roxb. Coomb tree, Cashmeri tree. Gambhara, Gamari Kashmarya, Madhuparni, Kumbhika, Gambhari Kumkumapoov Plumeria rubra Linn. (Red variety) Pogodo tree (red variety), Plumeria Chameli, Gopurachampa, Golenchi Ksheerachampaka Kunni Crocus sativus Linn Saffron Kesar Kunkuma Kuppamanjal Bixa orellana Linn. Annatto plant, Arnotta plant Sinduriya, Latkan Sinduri, Markataharidra, Kampillaka Kuppameni Acalypha indica Linn Indian acalypha Kuppikhokli Haritamanjari Kurassani Hyoscyamus niger Linn. Henbane, Black henbane. Khurasani ajavayan Parasikayavani Kurukkuttimulla Jasminum multiflorum (Brum.f.) Andr. Downy jasmine Kundphul Kundah Kurumtotti Sida retusa (Linn.) Borssum Common sida Bariyar, Janglimedhi Bala, Vadyala, Kharayashti, Mahasamanga Kurumulaku Piper nigrum Linn Black pepper, Common pepper, Pepper Kalimirch Maricha, Krishna, Dharmapathanam, Ooshanam Kuruttupala Tabernaemontana dichotona Roxb. Kambillaka, Ksheerini Kusha Saccharum spontaneum Linn. Wild sugarcane Kus Kasha Kutakappala Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roxb. ex Fleming) Wall. Holarrhena pubescens (Buch. Ham.) Wallrch ex. Don Kurchi Kurchi, Kuda Kutaja, Kalinga, Indrayava Madhuracheera Velichera Sauropus sanguinaea Linn Tropical asparagus, Chekkurmanis Svadutandula Mahameda Polygonatum verticillatum (Linn.) All Mahameda Mahameda Mahameda Mailanji Lawsonia inermis Linn. Henna, Egyptian priven, Cypress shrub Mehanti, Hena Madayantika, Mendhi, Mendhika, Nakharanjani Makkippoov Artemisia maritima Linn Worm seed, Worm wood, Fleabane Nagadona, Davana, Kiramani Chauhara, Keetamari, Damanaka, Madanaka, Yavani Malainchi Zingiber zerumbet Rosc. (Z. cassumunar Roxb.) Jungle ginger Banada, Narkachur Vanardraka, Stulagrandhi Malankara Catunaregum spinosa (Thunb.) Tirvengadum. Emetic nut tree Mainphal, Madan Madana, Vamanaphala, Teevragandhi. malatangi Cissampelos pereira Linn. (C.accuminata Benth) Velvet leaf Padha Lakhupadha, Peeluphala, Ambashtaki, Brihat tikta Malaveppu Melia azedarach Linn Persian lilac Bakayan, Mahanimb Agnimandha, Arani, Ganikarika, Vaijayanta Malli Coriandrum sativum Linn Coriander Dhaniyam Dhanyaka, Dhanaka, Chatra, Kustumburu, Vitunnaka Manithakkali Solanum nigrum Linn. Kakamachi Manja Arali Taivetia neerifolia Juss Indian oleander, Yellow oleander Kaner, Karber Karaveera, Peetakaraveera, Asvaghna, Asvamaraka, Hayamaraka Manjadi Adenanthera pavonina Linn. Coralwood tree Baragunchi Kuchandana, Tamraka Manjal Curcuma longa Linn. Turmeric Haldi, Halda Haridra, Varavarnini Manjatti Rubia cordifolia Lin Indian Madde Majith Manjishta, Vikasha, Samanga, Raktangi, Vastrabhushana, Yojanavalli Maramanjal Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Colebr. Tree turmeric Tree turmeric Darvi, Daruharidra, Peetadaru, Peetadru Maraummam Datura arborea Linn. (D. suaveolens Humb & Bonpl) Datura tree, Angel's trumpet. Dattura Brihatdattura, Vrikshadattura Maravazha Vanda roxburghii R. Br. (Rincostylus retusa.) Rinco orchid Rasnanai Vrikshakadali, Vrikshadani, Gandhanakuli, Vandaka, Rasna. Marikunni Argyreia nervosa (Burm.f.) Boj. Elephant creeper Samudrasos Vraddhadaruka, Vrddhadaruka, Bastantri, Vrshyagandha Marotti Hydnocarups laurifolia (Dennst.) Sleumer. Chalmugra, Jangli badam Chalmogara Tuvaraka, Kushtavairi Mashitandu Chedi Peperomia pellucida Linn Slate pencil plant Toyakandha, Varshabhoo Mathalam Punica granatum Linn Pomegranate Anar, Dhalim Dadima, Kharakam, Madhuramlaphalam, Kuchaphalam, Dandabeejam. Mathan Cucurbita maxima Duchesne ex Lam. Pumpkin, Melon, Squash Lalkumra, Kaddu Peetakushmanda Matilpanna Drynaria quercifolia (Linn.) J. Smith Wood fern Asvakatri, Katikapan Aswakatri Mavu Mangifera indica Linn. Mango Aam Amra, Choota, Rasala, Pikavallabha, Makanda Mayilellu Vitex altissima Linn.f. (V.alata Heyne) Tall chaste tree Tilakapushpa Atulam, Tilakam Meda Polygonatum cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle. Meda Meda Meda Menthoni Gloriossa superba Linn. Climbing lily, Malabar glory lily Kalihari, Kaliyari, Languli Langali, Sakrapuspika, Agnishikha Moodilathali Cuscuta reflexa Roxb (Cassytha filiformis Linn.) Dodder Amarabela Akasavalli, Amaravalli, Khavalli, Asparsa Moovila Pseudarthria viscida W&A Pidhavan, Deerkhamoola, Ekamoola Prsniparni, Chitraparni, Guha, Kandabahula Motirakkanni Hugonia mystax Linn. Climbing flax Kamsamara Mukkannaperuku Allophylus serratus (Roxb.) Kurz Tippani Triputa Mukkpeeram Mukia maderaspatana (Linn.) Roem Bilari, Agumaki Trikosaki, Kritarandra, Mukkutti Biophytum sensitivum Linn Biophytum Lajjalu, Lakshmana Viparita lajjalu, Jhulapushpa, Peethapushpa Mulakutanni Toddalia asiatica (Linn.) Lam Wild orange tree, Forest pepper Jangli kalimarich, Kanch Teekshnaksha, Kanchana Mulla Jasminum sambac (Linn.) Ait Jasmine, Arabian jasmine Bel, Moghra Mallika Mullilam Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb) DC. Indian prickly ash-tree Badrang Lakhuvalkala, Bidalaghni, Asvaghra Mulluvenga Bridelia retusa Spreng. (B.squamosa (Lamk) Grah) Kaja, Kassi Bahukandaki, Asana, Kandakasana Munja Premna serratifolia Linn Headache tree Arani, Ganiyari Agnimandha, Arani, Ganikarika, Vaijayanta Munjapullu Saccharum arundinaceum Retz. Devil sugarcane, Reedy sugarcane. Ramsar Charuka, Shara, Munja, Ekshuraka Muntiri Vitis vinifera Linn Grape wine, Wine grape. Dakh, Drak Draksha, Mrudvika, Gosthana, Svaduphala, Amritaphala, Karavi Murikku Erythrina variegate Linn Indian coral tree Dadap, Pharhad, Pamkara Paribhadra Murikootti Hemigraphis colorata Blume Vranaropani Muringa Moringa oleifera Lam Drumstick tree Senchan, Sahijan, Mungana Sigru, Sobhanjana, Akshiva, Mochaka, Teekshnaganda Muthanga Cyperus rotundus Linn Nut grass, Coco grass Nagarmotha, Motha Musta, Varida, Mustaka, Khana, Kuruvinda Muthil Centella asiatica Linn Indian pennywort Brahmamandooki, Bemgsag Mandookaparni, Manduki. Muttappayal Eichhornia crassipes (Mart) Solms-Laub Water hyacinth Plavaka, Ulpala, Plavakolpala Muyalchevi Emilia sonchifolia (Linn.) DC Kirankari, Hirankhuri Sasasruti, Akhukarni, Dravanti, Sambari Nagadandi Baliospermum montanum (Wild.) Muell-Arg. Dandi Dandi Nagapoov Mesua ferrea auct.non Linn. (M. nagassarium (Burm.f.) Kosterm Iron wood tree Peela nagkesar Nagakesara, Nagapushpa, Kanakahva, Hemakinjalka Nagatali Ruta chalepensis Linn. (Ruta graveolens Linn) Common rue, Garden rue Satap, Pisamaram Gucchapatra, Peetapushpa, Vishapaha. Naikuruna Mucuna pruriens (Linn.) DC. Common cowitch, Cowhage Gonacha, Kaunch Atmagupta, Kapikacchu, Ajada, Markati, Kulakshaya Nalikeara Cocos nucifera Linn. Coconut tree Nariyal ka pet, Nariyal Narekela, Sadaphala, Trinadruma, Dridhaphala Nandyarvattam Tabernaemontana divaricata (Linn.) R.Br. ex Roem & Schultes East Indian rosebay Chameli, Chandini, Tagar Nandeevriksha, Khsirika, Ksheeri, Vishnupriya Nannari Hemidesmus indicus (Linn.) R.Br. Indian sarasaparilla, Country sarasaparilla Ananthamul, Magrabu Sariba, Anantamoola Narumpanal Uvaria narum (Dunal) Well. ex Wight. Neelavalli, Valeeshakhota Nattachedi Premna lattifolia Linn. Headache tree Arani, Ganiyari Agnimandha, Arani, Ganikarika, Vaijayanta Nattubadam Terminalia catappa Linn. Indian almond, Country almond tree Jangli badam Kshudrabeeja, Tapasadruma, Kshudrabadama Neela Erukku Calotropis gigantea (Linn.) R.Br. (Blue variety) Blue Madar Akavana, Aka, Mandara Arka, Sooryahvaya,Vasuka, Ksheeraparni, Alarka, Asphoda, Neela Samkupushpam Clitoria ternatea Linn (Blue variety) Blue Clitoria flower Aparajit Sankapushpam, Aparajita, Girikarnika. Neelakkoduveli Plumbago capencis Linn. Leadwort, Blue leadwort Neelchitra, Chita Chitraka, Agni, Dahana Neelolpalam Monochoria vaginalis Presl. Neelolpal Indeevara, Neelolpala Neeraral Marsilea quadrifolia Linn. Caupatiya, Sunsuniya Sunishanna, Chatuspatri Neerkadambu Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth. (Stephegyne parvifolia Roxb.) Kaim Kayim, Kaddam Vitana Neermaruthu Terminalia arjuna (Roxb) W&A Arjun terminalia, White murda Arjuna, Kahu Arjuna, Kukubha, Partha, Viravriksha, Nadisarja, Neermathalam Crataeva magna (Lour.) DC. Three-leaved caper Barun,Barna Varuna, Pasugandha, Asmarighna, Tikta Neervalam Croton tiglium Linn. . Purging croton Jamalgota Jayapala, Dandibeeja Nelli Phyllanthus emblica Linn. Indian gooseberry, Gooseberry Amalak, Amla Amalaki, Dhatri, Vayastha, Amritaphala Nellu Oryza sativa Linn. Paddy, Rice Dhan, Chaval Dhanya, Vreehi, Sali Nenmeni Vaka Albizia lebbeck (Linn.) Benth Sizzling tree Siris Sireesha, Bhandi, Fanjhi, Sukataru, Mrdupushpa Neyyunni Diplocyclos palmatus (Linn.) Jeffrey Sivalingi, Isvarlingi Lingini, Lingaphala, Sivapriya Nilamari Crataeva magna (Lour.) DC. Three-leaved caper Barun,Barna Varuna, Pasugandha, Asmarighna, Tikta Nilamparanda Desmodium trifolium (Linn.) DC Kudaliya Tripadi Nilanarakam Nergamia alata (Wight & Arn) Goanese ipecacuanha Tinparni Triparni, Amlavally Nilappala Euphorbia thymifolia Linn. Duddhi, Dudhiya, Choti dudhi Lakhu dugdhi, Dugdhika, Raktabinducchada. Nilappana Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. Black musali Musali, Kali musali Musali, Talamooli, Talamoolika, Hamsapadi, Deerkhakandika Niroori Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir. Pancholi, Makhi Poolika, Krishnakamboji Nithyakalyani Catharanthus roseus (Linn.) G.Don Periwinkle Sdabahar Nityakalyani. Njaranmpuli Hibiscus aculeatus Roxb. Wild hibiscus Van gudahal Sathambasthi Njaval Syzygium cumini (Linn.) Skeels Black plum Jamun, Jaman Jambu Njazhal poo Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl. Priyangu, Daiya Priyangu, Phalini Njazhuku Leea indica (Burm.f.) Merr. Kukurajihva Chatri, Kukkurajihva Njerinjambuli Solena amplexicaulis (Lam.) Gandhi Tarali Amlavetasa, Valyamla Njerinjil Tribulus terrestris Linn. Puncture vine, Ghokru Gokharu Gokshura, Gokshuraka, Gokandaka, Shadanga, Gokhuri, Vanashringata Njottanjodiyan Physalis minima Linn. Country gooseberry Chirpoti, Bandpariya Mrdukunjika, Upakunjika, Cheerapotha nonganam pullu Hedyotis herbacea Linn. Paper bhed Chayaparpatika, Kshudraparpata Oda Ochlandra scriptoria Denst. (Bambusa scriptoria Denst.) Reed Nadam, Natham Odiyavanakku Sebastiana chamaelia Muell. Kshudreranda, Bhumiyeranda Oorpam Urena lobata Linn. Aramina Lotloti, Kunjia Sakhee, Kandakeephala Orange Citrus reticulata Blanco. Orange, Loose skinned orange Santara Narangah, Svadunarangah, Madhuranarangah Orila Desmodium gangeticum DC Sarivan Salaparni, Guha, Sthira Orilathamara Nervilia aragoana Gaud. Sthalapadma Padmacharini Othalam Cerbera odollam Gaertn Pilikirbir, Odollam tree, Dog-bane Dabur, Sukanu Svanamara, Auddalaka Pachotti Symplocos cochinchinensis (Lour.) Moore. Symplocos laurina (Retz.) Lodh tree, Chunga Bholiya, Sodha Lodra, Tilvaka, Tilva, Kramuka Palluvedanachedi Spilanthes acmella (L.) C.B. Clarke ex Hook Tooth ache plant Suptichada, Dandasulakhna Danduri. Palmutukku Ipomoea paniculata R.Br. (I. mauritiana Jacq.) Giant potato, Finger leaf morning-glory Bhilayakand, Bhuyikohata Ksheeravidari, Vidari, Bhoomimanda, Payasvani, Ikshuvalli Pampumkolli Rauvolfia tetraphylla Linn. Wild snake root. Serpentine root Chandrabhaga, Chota chand Vanasarpagandha, Sarpanasini Panachi Diospyros malabarica (Desr) Kostel. Indian persimon Gabh. Tedu Tinduka, Tinduki Panal Glycosmis arborea (Roxb.) DC Potali, Girgiti Asvasakhota, Kupilu Panikkoorka Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. Indian borage Pathar choor Karpooravalli, Sugandhavalakam Panjimaram Bombax pentandrum Linn. (Ceiba pentandra (Linn.) Gaertn Kopok tree, White silk cotton tree. Saphed simal. Kutasalmali, Swetasalmali Pappaya Carica papaya Linn. Papaya Pappaya, Pappita Erandakarkati, Brehmeranda Parachunda Solanum torvum SW. Yellow berried nightshade. Remgani, Kateli, Kattaya Brihat nidhigdhika, Samanga Parpatakapullu Hedyotis corymbosa (Linn.) Lam Daman pappar, Pitpapra Parpata, Parpataka Parthenium Parthenium hysterophorus Linn. Parthenium Parthenium Vishalata, Parthenia, Svasini Parumkurumba Chonemorpha macrophylla (Roxb.) G.Don. (C. fragrans (Moon) Alston) Garbhedaro Murva, Morata, Dhanurmala, Madhusrava. paruva Streblus asper Lour. Siamese rough-bush Sihora Sakhota, Patrollekhataru. Pasakotta Sapindus laurifolia Vaha. Soapnut tree Ritta Phenila, Arishta, Gucchaphala Passion fruit Passiflora caerulea Linn. Passion fruit Passion fruit Mamataphala, Amlaphala Patavalam Trichosanthes cucumerina Linn Snake gourd Caccinda, Paraval Svadupatola, Chichinda Patchouli Pogostemon cablin Benth. Patchouli Patchouli Patra, Gandhaparta Patimukham Prunus cerasoides D.Don. Himalayan wild cherry Patmakath, Paddam Padmaka Patiri Stereospermum coalis (Buch. –Ham.ex. Dillw.) Trumpet flower tree, Yellow snake tree Padhala, Adakapari Patala, Krishnavrinda, Kuberakshi, Tamrapushpi Paval Momordica charantia Linn Bitter guard Karela Karavella Pavatta Pavetta indica Linn Papari Papata, Tiyakphala Pavitta Morinda pubescens J.E.Smith. Morinda tree Aach, Aal Paphana Pavu Smilax china Linn China root Chopchini Madhusnuhi, Dweepantaravacha Payar Vigna unguiculata (Linn.) Walp. Cow pea Lobiya, Santa Rajamasha, Mahamasha Peechil Luffa acutangula (Linn.) Roxb Ribbed gourd, Ridged gourd Tori, Kali tori Dhamargava, Svadukoshataki Pera Psidium guajava Linn. Guava tree. Amrud, Saphed saphari, Lal saphari Peruka, Svaduphala Perelam Amomum subulatum Roxb. Greater cardamom, Nepal cardamom Badi ilyachi, Bari ilyachi, Sthulaila, Bhadraila, Periyalam Clerodendrum viscosum Vent Clerodendrum Bhates, Titabhamt. Bhandira Perumjeerakam Apiaceae Fennel Saumph Misreya, Madhurika, Misi, Saleya Pezhu Careya arborea Roxb Indian water lily Kumbi Kumbhi, Katabhi, Samudraphala Pichakam Jasminum grandiflorum Linn Spanish jasmine, Common jasmine, Catalonian jasmine Chameli, Jati Malati, Jati Pinampuli Garcinia indica (Linn.) Robs. Goan garcinia, Kokum Kokum Raktavrikshamla Plavu Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam Jackfruit tree Kathal, Chakki Panasa, Svaduphala Polla Anamirta cocculus (Linn.) Wight & Arn. Levant berry, Fish berry Kakamari Garalaphala, Kakamari Ponnaveeram Cassia occidentalis Linn. Negro coffee, Stinking weed Kasaundi, Barikasaundi Kasamarda Poomarautu Terminalia paniculata Roxb. Flowering murdah Asvakarna Poovam Kurunnila Vernonia cinerea (Linn.) Less Ash colored fleabane Sahadevyi, Sadodi Sahadevi, Uttamakanyapatra Poovarasu Thespesia populnea (Linn.) Soland ex Correa Portia tree, Umbrella tree Parasapipal Haripuccha, Gardabhanda, Parisha, Kamandalu Prasarini Merremia tridentata (Linn.) Hallier f Prasarini Puliyaral Oxalis corniculata Linn Indian sorrel Tinapatiya, Amrulsak Changeri, Amlapatri Pullani Calycopteris floribunda Lam Kokkare Sushavi Punna Calophyllum inophyllum Linn. Alexandrian laurel Sultan champa, Sultana champak Punnaga Putharichunda Solanum anguivi Lam Poison berry Barhanta Brihati, Simhi Puthina Mentha piperita Linn Peppermint Pudina Pootiha, Pudina, Rochani Puzhukkolli Rhinacanthus nasuta (Linn.)Kurz. Palakjuhi, Juyipani Yudhikaparni, Yoodhikaparni Rajamalli Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Linn.) Swartz. Flower fence, Peacock's pride, Paradise flower Siddheswara, Siddhantha, Padangam Raktachandanam Pterocarpus santalinus Linn.f. Red sandalwood, Ruby wood Lalchandan Raktachandana, Raktasara, Kshudrachandana Ramacham Vetiveria zizanioides (Linn.) Nash Vetiver, Khas –khas grass Khas Useera, Sevya, Veerana, Veera, Ranapriya, Samagandhika, Sugandhimoola Ramatulasi Ocimum basilicum Linn. Sweet basil Babul, Babuyitulsi Barbari, Arjaka, Sitarjaka Rosapoo Rosa centifolia Linn. Rose Gulab Satapatri, Saumyaganda Rudraksham Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn.) K.Schum. Rosery nut, Utrasum bead tree Rudarki, Rudraks Rudraksha, Bhootanasana, Neelakandaksha, Sivaksha Sivapriya Sambharapullu Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats. Rusa grass, Rosha grass Gandabel Dhyamaka, Rohisha Sankhapushpi Canscora decussata (Roxb.) Schult. Canscora Sankhaphuli Sankhini, Sanhkapushpi Satavari Asparagus recemosus Wild. Wild asparagus Satavar, Satamuli Satavari, Abhiru, Sahasravirya, Soochimulla Jasminum auriculatum Vahl. Needle flower jasmina Juhi, Juyi Yoodhika, Magadhi, Soochimallika Stevia Stevia rubodiyana Linn. Stevia Stevia Svaduchada, Bhoomisarkara, Sarkarachada. Sunnamukki Cassia senna Linn Indian senna Sanay, Sana ka pat. Svarnaparti, Hemapatri, Kalyani, Malaharini, Sonamukhi, Rechani Takara Cassia tora Linn. Fetid cassia Chakavad, Papamd Chakramarda, Prapunnada, Prepanda, Meshalochana, Chakri Takkali Lycopersicon esculentum Mill Tomato Tamatar Raktamachi Takkolapputtil Illicium verum Hook.f. Star anise Anasfal, Badiyan khatala Takkola, Kakkola, Kakkolaka, Takkolaka Tamara Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn Sacred lotus, Indian lotus, Chinese water lily Kamal, Kanval Padmam, Pankajam, Kamalam. Tanni Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. Belliric myrobalan Baheda, Bhaira Vibhitaki, Vibheetaka, Aksha, Kalidruma, Bhootavasa, Vibheetaki Tatiri Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn.) Kurz. Fire flame bush, Woodfordia Davi, Tavi Dhataki, Agnijvala, Dhatupushti, Bahupushpi Tavilama Boerhaavia diffusa Linn Hogweed, Pigweed Gadahpurna, Sant Punarnava, Sophaghni Tazha Pandanus odoratissimus Linn.f Tatch screw pine Kedgi, Kedva Ketaki, Ketaka, Chamarapushpaka, Deerkhapatra, Gandhapushpa, Indukalika, Jambuka, Kandadala Techi Ixora coccinea Linn. Jungle flame ixora, Flame of the woods Rangan, Rugmini, Ranjan Paranti, Patali, Raktala Tejohva Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb. Toothache tree Tejabala Tumburu, Tejasvini, Tejovati, Vanaja, Sourabha Tekkida Heliotropium indicum Linn. Indian turnsole Siriyari, Hattasura Vrischikali Tettamparal Strychnos potatorum Linn. F. Clearing nut tree Nirmali Kataka, Ambuprasadah, Nirmala, Katah. Teyila Camellia sinensis (Linn.) O. Kuntze Tea plant Cay Syamaparni, Caha Thekku Tectona grandis Linn.f. Teak Sagvan, Sagoun Sakha, Bhoomisaha Thippali Piper longum Linn Long pepper Pipli, Pipal Pippali, Magadhi Tirutali Ipomoea sepiaria Roxb. Ipomoea Bankalmi Lakshmana. Klitani, Putrada, Nagini, Asrabinduchada Tottavadi Mimosa pudica Linn. Sensitive plant, Humble plant Lajvanti, Lajjavanti Lajjalu, Samanga, Raktapadi, Namaskari, Kharatvak, Sankochani Tozhukanni Desmodium motora Linn. Telegraphic plant Namaskari Namaskari, Chalapatri Trikolpakonna Operculina turpethum (Linn.) Silva Manso Turpeth, Indian Rhubarb, Indian jalap Nishoth, Tarbut Trivrut, Tribhandi, Rechani, Suvaha Triphala Tudali Ziziphus oenoplia (Linn.) Mill. Jackal jujube Kakkay Karkandhu Tulasi Ocimum sanctum Linn (White variety) Holy basil, Sacred basil, White basil Tulsi Tulasi, Surasa, Svetatulasi. Uluva Trigonella foemum-graecum Linn Fenugreek Meti, Mutti Methika, Kalanusari, Methi, Gandhaphala, Vallari, Kunjika Ummam Datura metel Linn. Thorn apple Dattura Dhattura, Dusthara, Unmatta, Durdhura Ungu Pongamia pinnata (Linn.) Pierre Indian beech, Pongam oil tree Karanj Karanja, Naktamala, Gucchapushpa, Udakeerya, Krimimardana uzhinja Cardiospermum helicacabum Linn. Balloon wine. Kanphuti, Kapalaphoti Sakralata, Indravalli, Karnasphota Vadukappuli Narakam Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle. Bigarade orange, Seville orange Khatta Brihat nimbuka, Brihat jambira Valanpuli Tamarindus indica Linn. Tamarind tree Imli, Amli Tintrini, Chincha, Tindidi, Tindida Valiya Adalotakam Adhatoda vasica Nees. Malabar nut Adusa, Arusa Brihat vasa, Brihat vasaka, Vrisha, Vrishaka, Simhasya, Valiya Kattuvellari Citrullus colocynthis (Linn.) Schrader Colocynth, Bitter apple Makkal, Badi indrayan Indravaruni, Mahendravaruni, Visala, Indrahva, Mrugadani, Gavadana, Kshudraphala, Gavakshi Vallikkuruntotti Cida cordata (Burm.f.) Borssum. (S.veronicaefolia Lam) Snake mallow. Bananiyar, Bhyunli Nagabala, Bhumibala Vallippala Tylophora indica (Burm.f.) Merrill. Indian ipecacuanha Antamul, Jangli pikvam Svasaghni, Lataksheeri Valliyodal Sarcostigma kleinii Wight & Arn. Ingudi Valpayar Canavalia gladiata (Jacq.) DC. Broad bean, Sword bean Lalkududumpal Assisimbi, Mahasimbi Vanilla Vanilla planifolia Linn. (Vanilla fragrans) Vanilla Vanilla Sugandhiphala, Vanilla Vankadaladi Achyranthes aspera Linn Prickly chaff-flower plant Circita Apamargah, Mayoorah,Markatapippalee, Durgrahah Vasalacheera Basella rubra Linn. Indian spinach Poi, Safed bachla Kalambi, Mohini, Pothee, Upodika Vatakkodi Naravelia zeylanica (Linn.) DC Vatanasini Dhanavalli, Vatanasini. Vatamkolli Justicia gendarussa Burm.f. Nilinirgundi, Udisambhalu Vataghni Vatsanabhi Aconitum napellus Linn. Indian aconite Bachnag, Meetavish Vatsanabha, Halahala, Pranahara Vayalchulli Hygrophilla auriculata (K.Schum.) Heine. Long leaved barleria Talmakhana, Kamtakalya Kokilaksha, Ikshura Vayambu Acorus calamus Linn. Sweet flag Baach, Vacha Vacha, Ugragandha, Golomi, Jatila, Shatgrandhi, Sataparvita Vazhuthina Solannum melongena Linn. Brinjal, Egg plant Bengan, Badanjan Varttaki Vella Erukku Calotropis gigantea (Linn.) R.Br. (White variety) White Madar Gauri akavana, Aka, Mandara Svetarka Vella Nochi Vitex trifolia Linn White chaste tree Samhalu, Saubhalu Svetasindhuvara, Sephalika Vella Samkupushpam Clitoria ternatea Linn (White variety) White Clitoria flower Aparajit Sankapushpam, Aparajita, Girikarnika Vellari Cucumis sativus Linn Cucumber, Common cucumber Kheera Trapusa Vellila Mussaenda frondosa Linn Wild mussenda Bedina Sreeparna, Rajatari, Sreepatri, Sreemati Velluram Abutilon indicum Sw. Country mallow Kabi, Kakahi, Chambi Atibala, Balika, Vatyapushpy, Bhuribala Veluthulli Allium sativum Linn. Garlic Beluli, Lasan Lasuna, Ugragandha, Bhootaghni, Rasona Velutta Mandaram Bauhinia recimosa Linn. White bauhinia Kanchanar Svetakanchanara, Karbudara Velutta Nilappana Chlorophytum tuberosum (Roxb.) Baker. White musli Saphed musali Mahavrishya, Svetamusali, Vrishyakanda Velutta Tavilama Boerhaavia procumbense (B. verticillata) White hogweed, White pigweed Gadahpurna, Sant Svetapunarnava, Sophaghni Velutta Ummam Datura stramonium Linn. White Thorn apple Dattura Dhattura, Dusthara, Unmatta, Durdhura Velvelam Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) Willd. White babool, Distiller's acacia Safed babool Arimeda Venda Hibiscus esculentus Linn. (Abelmoschus esculentus (Linn.) Moench ) Lady's finger, Okra Bhindi, Bhindi tori Bhenda Venga Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb. Indian kino tree, Malabar kino tree Vijayasara, Bijasal, Bila Asana, Beejaka, Petaca, Bandhukavriksha Venkaringali Acacia polyantha Willd. White cutch tree, White catechu Svetkhadir Kadara, Somavalka Veppu Azadirachta inaica A.Juss. Neem tree, Margosa tree. Neem, Nimb Nimba, Arista, Hinguniryasa, Manda, Tiktaka Vetta Piper betle Linn. Betel leaf plant Pan Tamboolavalli, Tamboola, Tamboolavallika Vilarmaram Limonia acidissima Linn. Elephant apple, Wood apple, Curd fruit, Monkey fruit Katbel, Kaith Kapitha, Kapi Vishapacha Clinacanthus siamensis Sophaghni, Vishaghni, Vishalata Vishnukranthi Evolvulus alsinoides (Linn.) Linn Syamakrantha,Vishnukrantha Harikranta, Vishnukranta Vizhal Embelia ribes Burm.f. Vidanga, Vilanga, Vella, Krimighna, Krimiripu Yasank Azima tetracantha Lam Kanda-gur-kamay Kunthali, Kundali, Kandaki